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Епопея на забравените   By: (1850-1921)

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Epopee to the Forgotten

by Ivan vazov

This year(2000) we celebrate 150 years from the birth of Ivan Vazov! "Epopee to the Forgotten", one of Vazov's masterpieces, is a cycle of poems dedicated to some of the greatest Bulgarian patriots. The poems were written and published in the period 1881 1884. You may notice that the poems and the persons they are dedicated to are exactly 12 in number (two of the poems are about historical events) which is generally cosidered as an allusion to the 12 disciples.

Íÿêîëêî îò ñòèõîòâîðåíèÿòà â "Åïîïåÿ íà çàáðàâåíèòå" Âàçîâ ïóáëèêóâà â ïåðèîäè÷íèÿ ïå÷àò. Âå÷å êàòî öèêúë åäíà ÷àñò èçëèçàò â "Ãóñëà"(1881), à äðóãà â "Ïîëÿ è ãîðè"(1884). Âúâ âòîðîòî èçäàíèå íà "Ïîëÿ è ãîðè"(1893) ãè çàìåñòâà ñ äðóãè ñòèõîòâîðåíèÿ, êàòî â èçëÿçëàòà ñúùàòà ãîäèíà "Ïîåìè" ñúáèðà âñè÷êè ñòèõîòâîðåíèÿ îò òîçè öèêúë. Îòíîñíî èäåÿòà çà íàïèñâàíåòî íà "Åïîïåÿ íà çàáðàâåíèòå" Âàçîâ ñúîáùàâà, ÷å áèë ÷åë â íÿêàêâà ðóñêà êíèãà çà øâåäñêèÿ ïîåò Ðóíåáåðã, êîéòî íàïèñàë îäè çà øâåäñêè ïàòðèîòè. Íî "íàé ïðÿì" ïîâîä äà âúçïåå "çàáðàâåíèòå" ìó äàë Çàõàðè Ñòîÿíîâ, êîéòî â åäèí ðóìåëèéñêè âåñòíèê îïèñâàë ïî êàêúâ íà÷èí ñà çàãèíàëè ïîâå÷åòî îò ãëàâíèòå äåéöè íà âúñòàíèåòî. Ïàòîñúò è ôîðìàòà íà "Åïîïåÿ íà çàáðâåíèòå", ñïîðåä ñàìèÿ Âàçîâ, òîé äúëæàë íà Âèêòîð Þãî òúêìî ïî òîâà âðåìå ÷åòÿë îò íåãî "La legende des siecles".

ÅÏÎÏÅß ÍÀ ÇÀÁÐÀÂÅÍÈÒÅ

ËÅÂÑÊÈ

Ìàíàñòèðúò òåñåí çà ìîéòà äóøà å. Êîãà ÷îâåê äîéäå òóê äà ñå ïîêàå, òðÿáâà äà çàáðàâè ãðåõîâíèÿ ìèð, äà áÿãà ñúáëàçíè è äà òúðñè ìèð. Ìîéòà ñúâåñò èíàê äíåñêà ìè ãîâîðè. Òîâà ðàñî ÷åðíî, ùî íîñÿ îòãîðå, íå ìå ïîìèðÿâà ñ òèÿ íåáåñà è êîãàòî â õðàìà äèãíà ñè ãëàñà õèìí äà ïåÿ áîãó, äà ïîëó÷à ðàÿò, ìèñëÿ, ÷å òîé ñëóøà òèÿ, ùî ðèäàÿò â òîÿ äîë ïëà÷åâíè, æèâîò íåñòúðïèì. È ìîéòà ìîëèòâà ñå ãóáè êàò äèì, è ãîñïîä ñúðäèò ñè çàòóëÿ óõîòî íà ñâåòàòà ïåñåí è õåðóâèêîòî.

Ìèñëÿ, ÷å âðàòàòà íà íåáåñíèé ðàé íà êúäå èçãëåæäàò, íèêîé ãè íå çíàé, ÷å íå òàç êèëèÿ èçâîæäà íàòàòúê, ÷å èç ñâåòà øóìåí ïúòÿò å ïî êðàòúê, ÷å ñúëçèòå ÷èñòè, ÷å âäîâèøêèé ïëà÷, ÷å ïîòúò ïî÷òåííèé íà ïðîñòèé îðà÷, ÷å áëàãàòà äóìà, ÷å ïðàâîòî äåëî, ÷å ñâåòàòà ïðàâäà, èçêàçàíà ñìåëî, ÷å ðúêàòà áðàòñêà, áåç ãîðäîñò, áåç âèê ïîäàäåíà ñêðèøíî íà íÿêîé êëåòíèê, ñà ìíîãî ïî ìèëè íà ãîñïîäà âèøíè îò âñè÷êèòå õèìíè è òðîïàðè ëèøíè... Continue reading book >>




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