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孟子字義疏證   By: (1724-1777)

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孟子字義疏證 戴震 [Page references are to Volume 6 of 張岱年, ed., 《戴震全書》(Anhui:1995), and to John Ewell, trans., Re Inventing the Way: Dai Zhen's "Evidential Commentary on the Meanings of Terms in Mencius" (Ann Arbor: 1990).] 【全書,147頁】【Ewell,93頁】 序 丙申余少讀論語,端木氏之言曰:「夫子之文章可得而聞也,夫子之言性與天道不可得而聞也。」讀易,乃知畜性與天道在是。周道衰,舜、禹、湯、文、武、周公致治之法,煥乎有文章者,棄為陳跡。孔子既不得位,不能垂諸制度禮樂,是以為之正本溯源,使人於千百世治亂之故,制度禮樂因革之宜,如持權衡以御輕重,如規矩準繩之於方圜平直。言似高遠,而不得不言。自孔子言之,實言前聖所未言;微孔子,孰從而聞之?故曰「不可得而聞」。【Ewell,94頁】是後私智穿鑿者,亦警於亂世,或以其道全身而遠禍,或以其道能誘人心有治無亂;而謬在大本,舉一廢百;意非不善,其言衹足以賊道,孟子於是不能已於與辯。當是時,群共稱孟子好辯矣。孟子之書,有曰「我知言」,曰「遊於聖人之鬥者難為言」... Continue reading book >>



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