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First Page:

AMERICAN WORLD POLICIES

BY

WALTER E. WEYL

AUTHOR OF "THE NEW DEMOCRACY," ETC.

New York

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1917

COPYRIGHT, 1917,

BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

Set up and electrotyped. Published February, 1917.

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

NEW YORK BOSTON CHICAGO DALLAS ATLANTA SAN FRANCISCO

MACMILLAN & CO., LIMITED

LONDON BOMBAY CALCUTTA MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD.

TORONTO

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

OUR IDEALISTIC PAST

CHAPTER PAGE

I AMERICA AMONG THE NATIONS . . . . . . . . . . 1 II THE SKELETON OF WAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 III PEACE WITHOUT EFFORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 IV AN UNRIPE IMPERIALISM . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 V FACING OUTWARD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

PART II

THE ROOT OF IMPERIALISM

VI THE INTEGRATION OF THE WORLD . . . . . . . . . 75 VII THE ROOT OF IMPERIALISM . . . . . . . . . . . 85 VIII IMPERIALISM AND WAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 IX INDUSTRIAL INVASION . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 X THE REVOLT AGAINST IMPERIALISM . . . . . . . . 126 XI THE APPEAL OF IMPERIALISM . . . . . . . . . . 140 XII THE AMERICAN DECISION . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

PART III

TOWARDS ECONOMIC INTERNATIONALISM

XIII NATURAL RESOURCES AND PEACE . . . . . . . . . 169 XIV AN ANTIDOTE TO IMPERIALISM . . . . . . . . . . 186 XV AMERICAN INTERESTS ABROAD . . . . . . . . . . 201 XVI PACIFISM STATIC AND DYNAMIC . . . . . . . . . 217 XVII TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENT . . . . . . . 231 XVIII THE FREEDOM OF THE SEAS . . . . . . . . . . . 246 XIX THE HIGHER IMPERIALISM . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 XX THE FORCES OF INTERNATIONALISM . . . . . . . . 270 XXI AN IMMEDIATE PROGRAMME . . . . . . . . . . . . 288

INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297

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PART I

OUR IDEALISTIC PAST

AMERICAN WORLD POLICIES

CHAPTER I

AMERICA AMONG THE NATIONS

The Great War has thrown America back upon itself. It has come as a test and challenge to all our theories. Suddenly, yet subtly, it has shaken our optimism and undermined our faith in the peaceful progress of humanity. Our isolation is gone, and with it our sense of security and self direction. Americans, who a few days ago would have dared to abolish army and navy as a supreme earnest of good faith, reluctantly agree to arm. "Self defence," they now say, "comes before progress. We must lay aside our hopes of a world at peace and must guard our gates."

Doubtless there is some exaggeration in our change of mood. Men speak as though a miracle had swept away the Atlantic Ocean, leaving us stranded on Europe's western shore. Fortunately the Ocean, always America's ally, still lies there, narrowed and curbed, yet three thousand miles of storm swept water. Physically and morally, however, our isolation has dwindled. Dreadnaughts, submarines and airships can now reach us and our commerce, industry and national ambitions are interwoven with those of Europe. We shall never again stand aloof from the world.

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To Americans this change has come so suddenly, though it has been long preparing, that we fail to visualise the new situation. We glibly repeat that our isolation is gone, but do not ask ourselves what is the nature of the bond that has ended our isolation. Is it amity or enmity? Are we to become one of a dozen clutching, struggling, fighting nations, seeking to destroy each other, or are we to contribute to a solution of the problems that now divide nations into warring groups? Though our isolation is gone, we still preserve a latitude of action. We may choose between two foreign policies, between Nationalistic Imperialism and Internationalism. We may elect to fight for our share of the world's spoils or to labour, and, if necessary, to fight for a world peace and for just international relations, upon which alone a permanent peace can be based... Continue reading book >>




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