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An Outline of the Relations between England and Scotland (500-1707)   By: (1874-1936)

Book cover

First Page:

AN OUTLINE OF THE

RELATIONS BETWEEN

ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND (500 1707)

BY

ROBERT S. RAIT FELLOW OF NEW COLLEGE, OXFORD

LONDON BLACKIE & SON, LIMITED, 50 OLD BAILEY, E.C. GLASGOW AND DUBLIN 1901

PREFATORY NOTE

I desire to take this opportunity of acknowledging valuable aid derived from the recent works on Scottish History by Mr. Hume Brown and Mr. Andrew Lang, from Mr. E.W. Robertson's Scotland under her Early Kings , and from Mr. Oman's Art of War . Personal acknowledgments are due to Professor Davidson of Aberdeen, to Mr. H. Fisher, Fellow of New College, and to Mr. J.T.T. Brown, of Glasgow, who was good enough to aid me in the search for references to the Highlanders in Scottish mediæval literature, and to give me the benefit of his great knowledge of this subject.

R.S.R.

NEW COLLEGE, OXFORD, April, 1901 .

CONTENTS

Page

INTRODUCTION ix

CHAP. I. RACIAL DISTRIBUTION AND FEUDAL RELATIONS, c. 500 1066 a.d. 1

" II. SCOTLAND AND THE NORMANS, 1066 1286 11

" III. THE SCOTTISH POLICY OF EDWARD I, 1286 1296 31

" IV. THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE, 1297 1328 41

" V. EDWARD III AND SCOTLAND, 1328 1399 64

" VI. SCOTLAND, LANCASTER, AND YORK, 1400 1500 80

" VII. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE ENGLISH ALLIANCE, 1500 1542 101

" VIII. THE PARTING OF THE WAYS, 1542 1568 116

" IX. THE UNION OF THE CROWNS, 1568 1625 141

" X. "THE TROUBLES IN SCOTLAND", 1625 1688 157

" XI. THE UNION OF THE PARLIAMENTS, 1689 1707 180

APPENDIX A. REFERENCES TO THE HIGHLANDERS IN MEDIÆVAL LITERATURE 195

" B. THE FEUDALIZATION OF SCOTLAND 204

" C. TABLE OF THE COMPETITORS OF 1290 214

INDEX 215

INTRODUCTION

The present volume has been published with two main objects. The writer has attempted to exhibit, in outline, the leading features of the international history of the two countries which, in 1707, became the United Kingdom. Relations with England form a large part, and the heroic part, of Scottish history, relations with Scotland a very much smaller part of English history. The result has been that in histories of England references to Anglo Scottish relations are occasional and spasmodic, while students of Scottish history have occasionally forgotten that, in regard to her southern neighbour, the attitude of Scotland was not always on the heroic scale. Scotland appears on the horizon of English history only during well defined epochs, leaving no trace of its existence in the intervals between these. It may be that the space given to Scotland in the ordinary histories of England is proportional to the importance of Scottish affairs, on the whole; but the importance assigned to Anglo Scottish relations in the fourteenth century is quite disproportionate to the treatment of the same subject in the fifteenth century. Readers even of Mr. Green's famous book, may learn with surprise from Mr. Lang or Mr. Hume Brown the part played by the Scots in the loss of the English dominions in France, or may fail to understand the references to Scotland in the diplomatic correspondence of the sixteenth century.[1] There seems to be, therefore, room for a connected narrative of the attitude of the two countries towards each other, for only thus is it possible to provide the data requisite for a fair appreciation of the policy of Edward I and Henry VIII, or of Elizabeth and James I... Continue reading book >>




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