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Apollonius of Tyana, the Philosopher-Reformer of the First Century A.D.   By: (1863-1933)

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APOLLONIUS OF TYANA

THE PHILOSOPHER REFORMER OF THE FIRST CENTURY A.D.

A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE ONLY EXISTING RECORD OF HIS LIFE WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF THE WAR OF OPINION CONCERNING HIM AND AN INTRODUCTION ON THE RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS AND BROTHERHOODS OF THE TIMES AND THE POSSIBLE INFLUENCE OF INDIAN THOUGHT ON GREECE BY G. R. S. MEAD, B.A., M.R.A.S.

LONDON AND BENARES THEOSOPHICAL PUBLISHING SOCIETY 1901

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

SECTION PAGE

I. INTRODUCTORY 1

II. THE RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS AND COMMUNITIES OF THE FIRST CENTURY 9

III. INDIA AND GREECE 17

IV. THE APOLLONIUS OF EARLY OPINION 28

V. TEXTS, TRANSLATIONS, AND LITERATURE 42

VI. THE BIOGRAPHER OF APOLLONIUS 53

VII. EARLY LIFE 65

VIII. THE TRAVELS OF APOLLONIUS 73

IX. IN THE SHRINES OF THE TEMPLES AND THE RETREATS OF RELIGION 82

X. THE GYMNOSOPHISTS OF UPPER EGYPT 99

XI. APOLLONIUS AND THE RULERS OF THE EMPIRE 106

XII. APOLLONIUS THE PROPHET AND WONDER WORKER 110

XIII. HIS MODE OF LIFE 119

XIV. HIMSELF AND HIS CIRCLE 126

XV. FROM HIS SAYINGS AND SERMONS 132

XVI. FROM HIS LETTERS 145

XVII. THE WRITINGS OF APOLLONIUS 153

XVIII. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 156

APOLLONIUS OF TYANA.

SECTION I.

INTRODUCTORY.

To the student of the origins of Christianity there is naturally no period of Western history of greater interest and importance than the first century of our era; and yet how little comparatively is known about it of a really definite and reliable nature. If it be a subject of lasting regret that no non Christian writer of the first century had sufficient intuition of the future to record even a line of information concerning the birth and growth of what was to be the religion of the Western world, equally disappointing is it to find so little definite information of the general social and religious conditions of the time. The rulers and the wars of the Empire seem to have formed the chief interest of the historiographers of the succeeding century, and even in this department of political history, though the public acts of the Emperors may be fairly well known, for we can check them by records and inscriptions, when we come to their private acts and motives we find ourselves no longer on the ground of history, but for the most part in the atmosphere of prejudice, scandal, and speculation. The political acts of Emperors and their officers, however, can at best throw but a dim side light on the general social conditions of the time, while they shed no light at all on the religious conditions, except so far as these in any particular contacted the domain of politics. As well might we seek to reconstruct a picture of the religious life of the time from Imperial acts and rescripts, as endeavour to glean any idea of the intimate religion of this country from a perusal of statute books or reports of Parliamentary debates.

The Roman histories so called, to which we have so far been accustomed, cannot help us in the reconstruction of a picture of the environment into which, on the one hand, Paul led the new faith in Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome; and in which, on the other, it already found itself in the districts bordering on the south east of the Mediterranean. It is only by piecing together laboriously isolated scraps of information and fragments of inscriptions, that we become aware of the existence of the life of a world of religious associations and private cults which existed at this period... Continue reading book >>




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