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Architecture Gothic and Renaissance   By: (1830-1903)

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Transcriber's Note

Illustration captions in {curly brackets} have been added by the transcriber for the convenience of the reader.

A considerable number of the page references in the index are incorrect; however, they have been preserved as printed.

ILLUSTRATED TEXT BOOKS OF ART EDUCATION

EDITED BY EDWARD J. POYNTER, R.A.

ARCHITECTURE GOTHIC AND RENAISSANCE

BY T. ROGER SMITH, F.R.I.B.A.

[Illustration: P. 114 THE CERTOSA, NEAR PAVIA. FROM THE CLOISTERS. BEGUN BY MARCO DI CAMPIONE, A.D. 1393.]

TEXT BOOK OF ART EDUCATION, EDITED BY EDWARD J. POYNTER, R.A.

ARCHITECTURE GOTHIC AND RENAISSANCE

BY T. ROGER SMITH, F.R.I.B.A.

Occasional Lecturer on Architecture at University College, London

[Illustration: {SAINT GEORGE. PANEL FROM THE TOMB OF CARDINAL AMBOISE IN ROUEN CATHEDRAL.}]

NEW YORK SCRIBNER AND WELFORD.

LONDON SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, SEARLE, & RIVINGTON CROWN BUILDINGS, 188, FLEET STREET 1880

( All rights reserved. )

LONDON: R. CLAY, SONS, AND TAYLOR, BREAD STREET HILL, E. C.

[Illustration: {CRÊTE FROM NOTRE DAME, PARIS.}]

PREFACE.

The history, the features, and the most famous examples of European architecture, during a period extending from the rise of the Gothic, or pointed, style in the twelfth century to the general depression which overtook the Renaissance style at the close of the eighteenth, form the subject of this little volume. I have endeavoured to adopt as free and simple a mode of treatment as is compatible with the accurate statement of at least the outlines of so very technical a subject.

Though it is to be hoped that many professional students of architecture will find this hand book serviceable to them in their elementary studies, it has been my principal endeavour to adapt it to the requirements of those who are preparing for the professional pursuit of the sister arts, and of that large and happily increasing number of students who pursue the fine arts as a necessary part of a complete liberal education, and who know that a solid and comprehensive acquaintance with art, especially if joined to some skill in the use of the pencil, the brush, the modelling tool, or the etching needle, will open sources of pleasure and interest of the most refined description.

The broad facts of all art history; the principles which underlie each of the fine arts; and the most precious or most noteworthy examples of each, ought to be familiar to every art student, whatever special branch he may follow. Beyond these limits I have not attempted to carry this account of Gothic and Renaissance architecture; within them I have endeavoured to make the work as complete as the space at my disposal permitted.

Some portions of the text formed part of two courses of lectures delivered before the students of the School of Military Engineering at Chatham, and are introduced here by the kind permission of Sir John Stokes. Many of the descriptive and critical remarks are transcripts of notes made by myself, almost under the shadow of the buildings to which they refer. It would, however, have been impossible to give a condensed view of so extended a subject had not every part of it been treated at much greater length by previous writers. The number and variety of the books consulted renders it impossible to make any other acknowledgment here than this general recognition of my indebtedness to their authors.

T. R. S.

[Illustration: {STAINED GLASS FROM CHARTRES CATHEDRAL.}]

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