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Asbestos Its production and use, with some account of the asbestos mines of Canada   By:

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Transcriber's Note: Transliterated Greek words are marked with 's like so: Greek.

ASBESTOS ITS PRODUCTION AND USE

WITH

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE ASBESTOS MINES OF CANADA

BY ROBERT H. JONES

[Illustration]

LONDON: CROSBY LOCKWOOD AND SON 7, STATIONERS' HALL COURT, LUDGATE HILL 1888

PREFACE.

The substance of the following pages was originally comprised in a series of Letters from Canada to a friend in London, who was desirous of obtaining all the authentic information possible on a subject on which so little appears to be generally known.

The use of Asbestos in the arts and manufactures is now rapidly assuming such large proportions that, it is believed, it will presently be found more difficult to say to what purposes it cannot be applied than to what it can and is.

Under these circumstances, although much of the information here given is not new, but has been gathered from every available source, it is hoped that the compilation in its present shape may be found acceptable.

R. H. J.

HOTEL VICTORIA, NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE April 20, 1888.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

INTRODUCTORY 5 8

ASBESTOS AT THE AMERICAN EXHIBITION 9, 10

WHERE FOUND 12 15

ITALIAN AND CANADIAN ASBESTOS COMPARED 16 18

WHERE USED 18

THE ASBESTOS OF ITALY 19 24

CANADIAN MINING FOR ASBESTOS 24 29

ASBESTOS MINES OF CANADA THE THETFORD GROUP 29 36 THE COLERAINE GROUP 36 42 BROUGHTON 42 46 DANVILLE 46 SOUTH HAM 47 50 WOLFESTOWN 50

USES TO WHICH ASBESTOS IS APPLIED 55 72

INDEX 75, 76

ASBESTOS.

One of Nature's most marvellous productions, asbestos is a physical paradox. It has been called a mineralogical vegetable; it is both fibrous and crystalline, elastic yet brittle; a floating stone, which can be as readily carded, spun, and woven into tissue as cotton or the finest silk.

Called by geologists "asbestus" (the termination in os being the adjective form of the word), the name of the mineral in its Greek form as commonly used (asbestos), signifies "indestructible." The French adopt the same derivation, calling it "asbeste" (minèral filamenteux et incombustible). In Germany it is called "steinflachs" (stone flax); and by the Italians "amianto" (from amiantos, pure, incorruptible); so called because cloth made from it was cleansed by passing it through fire. Charlemagne, we are told, having a cloth made of this material in his possession, one day after dinner astonished his rude warrior guests by throwing it in the fire, and then withdrawing it cleansed and unconsumed.

As a modern pendent to this well known legend, the following is current in Quebec. A labouring man, who had left the old country to seek a better fortune in the Dominion, found employment at once on arrival in one of the many lumber yards on the St. Lawrence, where his energy and activity, supplemented by great bodily strength, soon secured for him a good position. It so happened, however, that one evening, on returning from their daily toil to their common apartment, some of his fellow workmen saw him deliberately throw himself into a seat, kick off his boots, and then pull off his socks, and having opened the door of the stove, coolly fling them in on to the mass of burning wood... Continue reading book >>




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