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At the Deathbed of Darwinism A Series of Papers   By: (1861-1942)

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First Page:

AT THE DEATHBED OF DARWINISM

A SERIES OF PAPERS

By

E. DENNERT, Ph.D.

Authorized Translation

By E. V. O'HARRA and JOHN H. PESCHGES

1904 GERMAN LITERARY BOARD Burlington, Iowa

Copyright 1904 By R. NEUMANN

CONTENTS

PREFACE 9

INTRODUCTION 27

CHAPTER I. The Return to Wigand The Botanist, Julius von Sachs The Vienna Zoologist, Dr. Schneider 35

CHAPTER II. Professor Goethe on "The Present Status of Darwinism" Explains the Reluctance of certain men of Science to Discard Darwinism 41

CHAPTER III. Professor Korchinsky Rejects Darwinism His Theory of Heterogenesis Professor Haberlandt of Graz Demonstration of a "Vital Force" Its Nature The Sudden Origination of a New Organ Importance of the Experiment. 49

CHAPTER IV. Testimony of a Palaeontologist, Professor Steinmann On Haeckel's Family Trees The Principle of Multiple Origin Extinction of the Saurians "Darwinism Not the Alpha and Omega of the Doctrine of Descent" Steinmann's Conclusions 60

CHAPTER V. Eimer's Theory of Organic Growth Definite Lines of Development Rejects Darwin's Theory of Fluctuating Variations Opposes Weismann Repudiates Darwinian "Mimicry" Discards the "Romantic" Hypothesis of Sexual Selection "Transmutation is a Physiological Process, a Phyletic Growth" 69

CHAPTER VI. Admissions of a Darwinian Professor von Wagner's Explanation of the Decay of Darwinism Darwinism Rejects the Inductive Method, Hence Unscientific Wagner's Contradictory Assertions 90

CHAPTER VII. Haeckel's Latest Production His Extreme Modesty Reception of the Weltraetsel Schmidt's Apologia The Romanes Incident Men of Science Who Convicted Haeckel of Deliberate Fraud 104

CHAPTER VIII. Grottewitz Writes on "Darwinian Myths" Darwinism Incapable of Scientific Proof "The Principle of Gradual Development Certainly Untenable" "Darwin's Theory of "Chance" a Myth" 118

CHAPTER IX. Professor Fleischmann of Erlangen Doctrine of Descent Not Substantiated Missing Links "Collapse of Haeckel's Theory" Descent Hypothesis "Antiquated" Fleischmann Formerly a Darwinian Haeckel's Disreputable Methods of Defense 124

CHAPTER X. Hertwig, the Berlin Anatomist, Protests Against the Materialistic View of Life" No Empiric Proof of Darwinism "The Impotence of Natural Selection" Rejects Haeckel's "Biogenetic Law" 137

CONCLUSION. Darwinism Abandoned by Men of Science Supplanted by a Theory in Harmony With Theistic Principles 146

PREFACE.

The general tendency of recent scientific literature dealing with the problem of organic evolution may fairly be characterized as distinctly and prevailingly unfavorable to the Darwinian theory of Natural Selection. In the series of chapters herewith offered for the first time to English readers, Dr. Dennert has brought together testimonies which leave no room for doubt about the decadence of the Darwinian theory in the highest scientific circles in Germany. And outside of Germany the same sentiment is shared generally by the leaders of scientific thought. That the popularizers of evolutionary conceptions have any anti Darwinian tendencies cannot, of course, be for a moment maintained. For who would undertake to popularize what is not novel or striking? But a study of the best scientific literature reveals the fact that the attitude assumed by one of our foremost American zoologists, Professor Thomas Hunt Morgan, in his recent work on "Evolution and Adaptation," is far more general among the leading men of science than is popularly supposed... Continue reading book >>




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