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The Battle of Gettysburg   By:

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THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG

[Illustration: FRANK ARETAS HASKELL]

WISCONSIN HISTORY COMMISSION: REPRINTS, NO. 1

THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG

BY FRANK ARETAS HASKELL

AIDE DE CAMP TO GENERAL JOHN GIBBON, AND COLONEL OF THIRTY SIXTH WISCONSIN INFANTRY

WISCONSIN HISTORY COMMISSION NOVEMBER, 1908

TWENTY FIVE HUNDRED COPIES PRINTED

DEMOCRAT PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTER

CONTENTS

PAGE

WISCONSIN HISTORY COMMISSION ix

PREFACE. The Editor xi

THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG. Frank Aretas Haskell 1

ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

PORTRAIT OF AUTHOR, while Colonel of Thirty sixth Wisconsin Infantry Frontispiece

MAP OF BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, JULY 2 58

MAP OF BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, JULY 3 130

WISCONSIN HISTORY COMMISSION

(Organized under the provisions of Chapter 298, Laws of 1905, as amended by Chapter 378, Laws of 1907)

JAMES O. DAVIDSON Governor of Wisconsin

FREDERICK J. TURNER Professor of American History in the University of Wisconsin

REUBEN G. THWAITES Secretary of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin

HENRY E. LEGLER Secretary of the Wisconsin Library Commission

CHARLES E. ESTABROOK Representing Department of Wisconsin, Grand Army of the Republic

Chairman , COMMISSIONER ESTABROOK

Secretary and Editor , COMMISSIONER THWAITES

Committee on Publications , COMMISSIONERS LEGLER, THWAITES, AND TURNER

PREFACE

Frank Aretas Haskell was born at Tunbridge, Vermont, the son of Aretas and Ann (Folson) Haskell, on the 13th of July, 1828. Graduating from Dartmouth College with distinguished honors, in the class of 1854, the young man came to Madison in the autumn of that year, and entered the law firm of Orton, Atwood & Orton. His career in this profession was increasingly successful, until in 1861 it was interrupted by the outbreak of the War of Secession.

Commissioned on June 20 of that year as First Lieutenant of Company I of the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry of the Iron Brigade, he served as Adjutant of his regiment until April 14, 1862. Contemporaneous accounts state that "much of the excellent discipline for which this regiment was distinguished, was due to his soldierly efforts during its organization."

He was called from the adjutancy of the Sixth to be aide de camp to General John Gibbon, when the latter assumed command of the Iron Brigade, and remained in such service until (February 9, 1864) he was promoted to be Colonel of the Thirty sixth Wisconsin. While aide to General Gibbon he was temporarily on the staffs of several other generals, including Edwin V. Sumner and G. K. Warren, and won wide repute as a soldier of unusual ability and courage. With the Iron Brigade, he participated in the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, taking part in reconnoissances at Orange Court House and Stephensburg, in skirmishes at Rappahannock Station and Sulphur Springs, and in the battles of Gainesville, Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. Reporting upon the battle of December 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg, General Gibbon alluded to his favorite aide as being "constantly on the field, conveying orders and giving directions amid the heaviest fire."

Writing of Gettysburg, which is herein so graphically depicted by Haskell, General Francis A. Walker, in his History of the Second Army Corps ,[1] refers to our author as one who was "bravest of the brave, riding mounted through an interval between the Union battalions, and calling upon the troops to go forward." He further says: "Colonel Frank A... Continue reading book >>




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