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Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Carlisle A Description of Its Fabric and A Brief History of the Episcopal See   By:

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A Description of Its Fabric and a Brief History of the Episcopal See



With Twenty Nine Illustrations

[Illustration: CARLISLE CATHEDRAL FROM THE SOUTH WEST. A. Pumphrey, Photo. ]


London George Bell & Sons 1900 W. H. White and Co. Limited Riverside Press, Edinburgh


This series of monographs has been planned to supply visitors to the great English Cathedrals with accurate and well illustrated guide books at a popular price. The aim of each writer has been to produce a work compiled with sufficient knowledge and scholarship to be of value to the student of Archæology and History, and yet not too technical in language for the use of an ordinary visitor or tourist.

To specify all the authorities which have been made use of in each case would be difficult and tedious in this place. But amongst the general sources of information which have been almost invariably found useful are: (1) the great county histories, the value of which, especially in questions of genealogy and local records, is generally recognised; (2) the numerous papers by experts which appear from time to time in the Transactions of the Antiquarian and Archæological Societies; (3) the important documents made accessible in the series issued by the Master of the Rolls; (4) the well known works of Britton and Willis on the English Cathedrals; and (5) the excellent series of Handbooks to the Cathedrals originated by the late Mr. John Murray; to which the reader may in most cases be referred for further detail, especially in reference to the histories of the respective sees.



Amongst the works consulted in compiling this handbook may be specially mentioned Nicolson and Burn's "History and Antiquities of Westmoreland and Cumberland," Hutchinson's "History and Antiquities of the City of Carlisle," Jefferson's "History and Antiquities of Carlisle," Billings' "Architectural Illustrations, History and Description of Carlisle Cathedral," "Guide to the Cathedral, Carlisle," by R.H. and K.H.

Much help has also been obtained from the late J.R. Green's historical works, as well as the various biographies in the "National Dictionary of Biography."

I also wish to record my thanks to my friend, Mr. A. Tapley, who kindly read through part of the manuscript; and to Mr. A. Pumphrey for permission to reproduce the photographs used.



PAGE CHAPTER I. History of the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity 3

CHAPTER II. The Cathedral, Exterior 12 The Nave 12 The North Transept 15 The Tower 15 The North Aisle of the Choir 16 The East End 19 The Choir 21

CHAPTER III. The Cathedral, Interior 25 The Nave 25 The Font and Organ 26, 28 The North Transept 28 The Tower 30 The South Transept 30 St. Catherine's Chapel 32 Monuments in the Transepts 34 The Choir 39 The Triforium 42 The Clerestory 44 The Roof 44 The Hammer beams 45 The East Window 46 The Salkeld Screen 52 The Bishop's Throne and Pulpit 53 The North Choir Aisle 54 Monuments in the North Choir Aisle 56 Legendary Paintings 58 The Retro choir 66 Monuments in the South Choir Aisle 68 The Bells 70 The Monastic Buildings 73 The Fratry 73 The Deanery 74

CHAPTER IV... Continue reading book >>

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