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The Birth-Time of the World and Other Scientific Essays   By: (1857-1933)

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First Page:

THE BIRTH TIME OF THE WORLD AND OTHER SCIENTIFIC ESSAYS

by

J. JOLY, M.A., Sc.D., F.R.S., PROFESSOR OF GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN

E. P. DUTTON AND COMPANY 681 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK

Cover

Title page

CONTENTS PAGE

I. THE BIRTH TIME OF THE WORLD 1

II. DENUDATION 30

III. THE ABUNDANCE OF LIFE 60

IV. THE BRIGHT COLOURS OF ALPINE FLOWERS 102

V. MOUNTAIN GENESIS 116

VI. ALPINE STRUCTURE 146

VII. OTHER MINDS THAN OURS 162

VIII. THE LATENT IMAGE 202

IX. PLEOCHROIC HALOES 214

X. THE USE OF RADIUM IN MEDICINE 244

XI. SKATING 260

XII. A SPECULATION AS TO A PRE MATERIAL UNIVERSE 288

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PLATE I. LAKE OF LUCERNE, LOOKING WEST FROM BRUNNEN Frontispiece

PLATE II. "UPLIFTED FROM THE SEAS." CLIFFS OF THE TITLIS, SWITZERLAND to face p. 4

PLATE III. AN ALPINE TORRENT AT WORK VAL D'HERENS, SWITZERLAND to face p. 31

PLATE IV. EARTH PILLARS VAL D'HERENS to face p. 34

PLATE V. "SCENES OF DESOLATION." THE WEISSHORN SEEN FROM BELLA TOLA, SWITZERLAND to face p. 40

PLATE VI. ALLUVIAL CONE NICOLAI THAL, SWITZERLAND. MORAINE ON ALETSCH GLACIER SWITZERLAND to face p. 50

PLATE VII. IN THE REGION OF THE CROCI; DOLOMITES. THE ROTHWAND SEEN FROM MONTE PIANO to face p. 60

PLATE VIII. FIRS ASSAILING THE HEIGHTS OF THE MADERANER THAL, SWITZERLAND to face p. 73

PLATE IX. LIFE NEAR THE SNOW LINE; THE BOG COTTON IN POSSESSION. NEAR THE TSCHINGEL PASS, SWITZERLAND to face p. 80

PLATE X. THE JOY OF LIFE. THE AMPEZZO THAL; DOLOMITES to face p. 93

PLATE XI. "PINES SOLEMNLY QUIET." DÜSSISTOCK; MADERANER THAL to face p. 100

PLATE XII. ALPINE FLOWERS IN THE VALLEYS to face p. 105

PLATE XIII. ALPINE FLOWERS ON THE HEIGHTS to face p. 106

PLATE XIV. MOUNTAIN SOLITUDES; VAL DE ZINAL. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT ROTHHORN; BESSO; OBERGABELHORN; MATTERHORN; PIC DE ZINAL (THROUGH CLOUD); DENT BLANCHE to face p. 116

ix

PLATE XV. SECTOR OF THE EARTH RISE OF ISOGEOTHERMS INTO A DEPOSIT EVOLVING RADIOACTIVE HEAT to face p. 118

PLATE XVI. "THE MOUNTAINS COME AND GO." THE DENT BLANCHE SEEN FROM THE SASSENEIRE to face p. 133

PLATE XVII. DIAGRAMMATIC SECTIONS OF THE HIMALAYA to face p. 140

PLATE XVIII. RESIDUES OF DENUDATION. THE MATTERHORN SEEN FROM THE SUMMIT OF THE ZINAL ROTHHORN to face p. 148

PLATE XIX. THE FOLDED ROCKS OF THE MATTERHORN, SEEN FROM NEAR HÖHBALM. SKETCH MADE IN 1906 to face p. 156

PLATE XX. SCHIAPARELLI'S MAP OF MARS OF 1882, AND ADDITIONS (IN RED) OF 1892 to face p. 166

PLATE XXI. GLOBE OF MARS SHOWING PATH OF IN FALLING SATELLITE to face p. 188

PLATE XXII. CANALS MAPPED BY LOWELL COMPARED WITH CANALS FORMED BY IN FALLING SATELLITES to face p. 192

PLATE XXIII. HALOES IN MICA; CO. CARLOW. HALO IN BIOTITE CONTAINED IN GRANITE to face p. 224

PLATE XXIV. RADIUM HALO, MUCH ENLARGED. THORIUM HALO AND RADIUM HALO IN MICA to face p. 228

PLATE XXV. HALO ROUND CAPILLARY IN GLASS TUBE. HALOES ROUND TUBULAR PASSAGES IN MICA to face p. 230

PLATE XXVI. ALETSCH GLACIER, SWITZERLAND to face p. 282

PLATE XXVII. THE MIDDLE ALETSCH GLACIER JOINING THE GREAT ALETSCH GLACIER. GLACIERS OF THE LAUTERBRUNNEN THAL to face p. 285

PLATE XXVIII. PERCHED BLOCK ON THE ALETSCH GLACIER. GRANITE ERRATIC NEAR ROUNDWOOD, CO. WICKLOW; NOW BROKEN UP AND REMOVED to face p. 286

And Fifteen Illustrations in the Text.

x

PREFACE

Tins volume contains twelve essays written at various times during recent years. Many of them are studies contributed to Scientific Reviews or delivered as popular lectures. Some are expositions of views the scientific basis of which may be regarded as established... Continue reading book >>




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