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Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire   By: (1863-1929)

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First Page:

FACTA DUCIS VIVENT OPEROGAQUE GLORIA RERUM. OVID, IN LIVIAM 185

THE HERO'S DEEDS AND HARD WON FAME SHALL LIVE.

[Illustration: BISMARCK. FROM A PAINTING BY F. VON LENBACH.]

BISMARCK

AND THE FOUNDATION OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE

BY JAMES WYCLIFFE HEADLAM

COPYRIGHT, 1899

PREFACE.

The greater portion of the following pages were completed before the death of Prince Bismarck; I take this opportunity of apologising to the publishers and the editor of the series, for the unavoidable delay which has caused publication to be postponed for a year.

During this period, two works have appeared to which some reference is necessary. The value of Busch's Memoirs has been much exaggerated; except for quite the last years of Bismarck's life they contain little new information which is of any importance. Not only had a large portion of the book already been published in Busch's two earlier books, but many of the anecdotes and documents in those parts which were new had also been published elsewhere.

Bismarck's own Memoirs have a very different value: not so much because of the new facts which they record, but because of the light they throw on Bismarck's character and on the attitude he adopted towards men and political problems. With his letters and speeches, they will always remain the chief source for our knowledge of his inner life.

The other authorities are so numerous that it is impossible here to enumerate even the more important. I must, however, express the gratitude which all students of Bismarck's career owe to Horst Kohl; in his Bismarck Regesten he has collected and arranged the material so as infinitely to lighten the labours of all others who work in the same field. His Bismarck Jahrbuch is equally indispensable; without this it would be impossible for anyone living in England to use the innumerable letters, documents, and anecdotes which each year appear in German periodicals. Of collections of documents and letters, the most important are those by Herr v. Poschinger, especially the volumes containing the despatches written from Frankfort and those dealing with Bismarck's economic and financial policy. A full collection of Bismarck's correspondence is much wanted; there is now a good edition of the private letters, edited by Kohl, but no satisfactory collection of the political letters.

For diplomatic history between 1860 and 1870, I have, of course, chiefly depended on Sybel; but those who are acquainted with the recent course of criticism in Germany will not be surprised if, while accepting his facts, I have sometimes ventured to differ from his conclusions.

September, 1899. J.W.H.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I. PAGE BIRTH AND PARENTAGE..................................... 1

CHAPTER II. EARLY LIFE, 1821 1847.................................. 14

CHAPTER III. THE REVOLUTION, 1847 1852.............................. 34

CHAPTER IV. THE GERMAN PROBLEM, 1849 1852.......................... 70

CHAPTER V. FRANKFORT, 1851 1857................................... 86

CHAPTER VI. ST. PETERSBURG AND PARIS, 1858 1862................... 127

CHAPTER VII. THE CONFLICT, 1862 1863............................... 162

CHAPTER VIII. SCHLESWIG HOLSTEIN, 1863 1864......................... 192

CHAPTER IX. THE TREATY OF GASTEIN, 1864 1865................... ...226

CHAPTER X. OUTBREAK OF WAR WITH AUSTRIA, 1865 1866................240

CHAPTER XI. THE CONQUEST OF GERMANY, 1866..........................259

CHAPTER XII. THE FORMATION OF THE NORTH GERMAN CONFEDERATION, 1866 1867..............................................291

CHAPTER XIII. THE OUTBREAK OF WAR WITH FRANCE, 1867 1870.............315

CHAPTER XIV. THE WAR WITH FRANCE AND FOUNDATION OF THE EMPIRE, 1870 1871..................................346

CHAPTER XV. THE NEW EMPIRE, 1871 1878..............................377

CHAPTER XVI. THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE AND ECONOMIC REFORM, 1878 1887 ... Continue reading book >>




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