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A Book of Fruits and Flowers   By:

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Fruits & Flowers.


The Nature and Use of them, either for Meat or Medicine.


To Preserve, Conserve, Candy, and in Wedges, or Dry them. To make Powders, Civet bagges, all sorts of Sugar works, turn'd works in Sugar, Hollow, or Frutages; and to Pickell them.

And for Meat.

To make Pyes, Biscat, Maid Dishes, Marchpanes, Leeches, and Snow, Craknels, Caudels, Cakes, Broths, Fritter stuffe, Puddings, Tarts, Syrupes, and Sallets.

For Medicines.

To make all sorts of Poultisses, and Serecloaths for any member swell'd or inflamed, Ointments, Waters for all Wounds, and Cancers, Salves for Aches, to take the Ague out of any place Burning or Scalding; For the stopping of suddain Bleeding, curing the Piles, Ulcers, Ruptures, Coughs, Consumptions, and killing of Warts, to dissolve the Stone, killing the Ring worme, Emroids, and Dropsie, Paine in the Ears and Teeth, Deafnesse.

Contra vim mortis, non est Medicamen in hortis.


Printed by M.S. for Tho: Fenner at the South entrance of the Royall Exchange , London, 1653.

Of Lemmons.

[Illustration: Lemmon.]

A Lemmon Sallet.

Take Lemmons, rub them upon a Grate, to make their rinds smooth, cut them in halves, take out the meat of them, and boyle them in faire water a good while, changing the water once or twice in the boyling, to take away the bitternesse of them, when they are tender take them out and scrape away all the meat (if any be left) very cleane, then cut them as thin as you can (to make them hold) in a long string, or in reasonable short pieces, and lay them in your glasse, and boyling some of the best White wine vineger with shugar, to a reasonable thin Syrupe, powre it upon them into your glasse, and keep them for your use.

To Preserve Oranges or Lemmons .

Take your Oranges or Lemmons , lay them in water three dayes, and three nights, to take away their bitternesse, then boyle them in faire water till they be tender, make as much Syrupe for them as will make them swim about the pan, let them not boyle too long therein, for it will make the skins tough; then let them lie all night in the Syrupe, to make them take the Syrupe in the morning, boyle the Syrupe to his thicknesse, and put them in gally pots or glasses, to keep all the yeare, and this is the best way to Preserve Orenges, Lemmons , or Citrons .

To make Past of Lemmons .

Take halfe a dozen of thick rined Lemmons , cut them through the middest, and boyle them tender in faire water, then stamp them in a Morter, strayne the juyce or pulp from them, and dry it, and put two pound of Shugar to it, then make it into what fashion you will, on a sheet of white paper, dry it in an Oven, and turne it often for two dayes and two nights, for in that time it will be dry enough; box it thus up, and it will endure all the Yeare.

Sweet Bagges to lay amongst Linnen .

Take Orris, Cypris, Calamus, Fusis , all of them grosse beaten, and Gallingall roots, of each a handfull, and as much of the small tops of Lavender , dryed, and put them into baggs to lay among your cloaths. You may put in a handfull or two of Damask Rose leaves dryed, which will somewhat better the sent.

Medicines made of Lemmons.

To take away the Spots, or red Pimpels of the face .

Take halfe a pint of raine water, and halfe a pint of good Verjuice , seeth it till it be halfe consumed, then whilst it boils fill it up againe with juyce of Lemmon , and so let it seeth a pretty while; then take it from the fire, and when it is cold put to it the whites of four new laid Eggs, well beaten, and with this water annoynt the place often.

A very good Medicine for the Stone .

Make a Posset of a quart of Rhenish wine, a pint of Ale and a pint of Milke , then take away the curd, and put into the drink, two handfulls of Sorrell, one handfull of Burnet , and halfe a handfull of Balm , boyle them together a good while, but not too long, least the drink be too unpleasant, then take of the drink a quarter of a pint, or rather halfe a pint, at once, at morning, and to bed ward, putting therein first two or three spoonfulls of juice of Lemmons , this is an excellent Medicine for the Stone in the Kidneyes , to dissolve and bring it away... Continue reading book >>

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