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The Botanical Magazine, Vol. 2 or Flower-Garden Displayed   By: (1746-1799)

Book cover

First Page:

THE

~BOTANICAL MAGAZINE~;

OR,

~FLOWER GARDEN DISPLAYED~:

IN WHICH

The most Ornamental FOREIGN PLANTS, cultivated in the Open Ground, the Green House, and the Stove, are accurately represented in their natural Colours.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according to the celebrated LINNÆUS; their Places of Growth, and Times of Flowering:

TOGETHER WITH

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE.

A WORK

Intended for the Use of such LADIES, GENTLEMEN, and GARDENERS, as wish to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate.

~By WILLIAM CURTIS~,

Author of the FLORA LONDINENSIS.

~VOL. II~

"A Garden is the purest of human Pleasures." VERULAM.

LONDON:

Printed by COUCHMAN and FRY, Throgmorton Street,

For W. CURTIS, at his BOTANIC GARDEN, Lambeth Marsh;

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great Britain and Ireland.

M DCC XC.

[37]

~Chironia Frutescens. Shrubby Chironia.~

Class and Order.

~Pentandria Monogynia.~

Generic Character.

Cor. rotata. Pistillum declinatum. Stamina tubo corollæ infidentia. Antheræ demum spirales. Peric. 2 loculare.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

CHIRONIA frutescens , foliis lanceolatis subtomentosis, calycibus campanulatis. Lin. Syst. Vegetab. p. 229.

CENTAURIUM foliis binis oppositis angustis linearibus, flore magno rubente. Burm. Afric. 205. t. 74. fig. 1.

[Illustration: No 37]

Of the genus Chironia , ten species are enumerated in Prof. MURRAY's last edition of the Syst. Vegetab. of LINNÆUS, exclusive of the Chironia Centaurium which we first added to this genus in the 42d number of the Flora Londinensis .

Of these, the frutescens is the most shewy, and therefore the most cultivated.

It is a native of different parts of Africa.

The flowers are produced from June to autumn, and the seeds ripen in October. This plant should be placed in an airy glass case in winter, where it may enjoy a dry air, and much sun, but will not thrive in a warm stove, nor can it be well preserved in a common green house, because a damp moist air will soon cause it to rot.

The seed of this plant should be sown in small pots filled with light sandy earth, and plunged into a moderate hot bed; sometimes the seeds will lie a long time in the ground; so that if the plants do not appear the same season, the pots should not be disturbed, but preserved in shelter till the following spring, and then plunged into a fresh hot bed, which will bring up the plants in a short time if the seeds are good. When the plants are fit to remove, they should be transplanted into small pots, four or five in each pot, then plunged into a moderate hot bed, where they must have a large share of air in warm weather; when they have obtained some strength, they must be gradually inured to the open air; when exposed abroad, they should be mixed with such plants as require little water, placed in a warm situation, and screened from heavy rains, which are apt to rot them. The cuttings of this sort take root if properly managed. Miller's Gard. Dict.

[38]

~Viburnum Tinus. Common Laurustinus.~

Class and Order.

~Pentandria Trigynia.~

Generic Character.

Calyx 5 partitus, superus. Cor. 5 fida. Bacca 1 sperma.

Specific Character and Synonyms .

VIBURNUM Tinus foliis integerrimis ovatis: ramificationibus venarum subtus villoso glandulosis. Lin. Syst. Vegetab. p. 294.

LAURUS sylvestris, corni fæminæ foliis subhirsutis. Bauh. Pin. 461.

The wild Bay tree. Park. Parad. p. 400.

[Illustration: No 38]

We scarcely recollect a plant whose blossoms are so hardy as those of the Laurustinus, they brave the inclemency of our winters, and are not destroyed but in very severe seasons... Continue reading book >>




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