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The Botanical Magazine, Vol. 4 Or, Flower-Garden Displayed   By: (1746-1799)

Book cover

First Page:

THE

~Botanical Magazine;~

OR,

~Flower Garden Displayed:~

IN WHICH

The most Ornamental FOREIGN PLANTS, cultivated in the Open Ground, the Green House, and the Stove, are accurately represented in their natural Colours.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according to the celebrated LINNÆUS; their Places of Growth, and Times of Flowering:

TOGETHER WITH

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE.

A WORK

Intended for the Use of such LADIES, GENTLEMEN, and GARDENERS, as wish to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate.

By WILLIAM CURTIS ,

Author of the FLORA LONDINENSIS.

~VOL. IV.~

Observe the rising Lily's snowy grace, Observe the various vegetable race; They neither toil nor spin, but careless grow, Yet see how warm they blush! how bright they glow! What regal vestments can with them compare! What king so shining, or what queen so fair. THOMSON.

LONDON:

Printed by COUCHMAN and FRY, Throgmorton Street. For

W. CURTIS, No 3, St. George's Crescent , Black Friars Road; And Sold by

the principal Booksellers in Great Britain and Ireland.

M DCC XCI.

[109]

LAVATERA TRIMESTRIS. ANNUAL LAVATERA.

Class and Order .

MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA.

Generic Character.

Calyx duplex: exterior 3 fidus. Arilli plurimi, monospermi.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

LAVATERA trimestris caule scabro herbaceo, foliis glabris, pedunculis unifloris, fructibus orbiculo tectis. Linn. Sp. Pl. 974. Hort. Kew. v. 2. p. 452.

LAVATERA (althææfolia) foliis infimis cordato orbiculatis, caulinis trilobis acuminatis glabris, pedunculis unifloris, caule herbaceo. Miller's Gard. Dict. ed. 6. 4to.

MALVA folio vario. Bauh. Pin. 315.

MALVA Hispanica flore carneo amplo.

The Spanish blush Mallow. Park. Parad. p. 366.

[Illustration: No 109]

Our plant is undoubtedly the Spanish blush Mallow of PARKINSON, and the Lavatera althææfolia of MILLER according to the former, it is a native of Spain, according to the latter, of Syria.

Mr. MILLER considers it as distinct from the trimestris ; Mr. AITON has no althææfolia in his Hort. Kew. we are therefore to conclude that the althææfolia of MILLER, and the trimestris of LINNÆUS are one and the same species.

Of the annuals commonly raised in our gardens, this is one of the most shewy, as well as the most easily cultivated; its seeds are to be sown in March, on the borders where they are to remain, the plants, thinned as they come up, and kept clear of weeds.

It varies with white blossoms, and flowers from July to September.

[110]

MIMOSA VERTICILLATA. WHORL'D LEAV'D MIMOSA.

Class and Order.

POLYGAMIA MONOECIA.

Generic Character.

HERMAPHROD. Cal. 5 dentatus. Cor. 5 fida. Stam. 5. f. plura. Pist. 1. Legumen.

MASC. Cal. 5 dentatus. Cor. 5 fida. Stam. 5. 10. plura.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

MIMOSA verticillata intermis, foliis verticillatis linearibus pungentibus. L'Herit. fert. angl. t. 41. Hort. Kew. p. 438.

[Illustration: No 110]

The radical leaves of plants usually differ in shape from those of the stalk, in some plants remarkably so; the Lepidium perfoliatum figured in the Flora Austriaca of Professor JACQUIN is a striking instance of this dissimilarity: the Lathyrus Aphaca , a British plant, figured in the Flora Lond. is still more such, as large entire leaf like stipulæ grow in pairs on the stalk, instead of leaves, while the true leaves next the root, visible when the plant first comes up from seed, are few in number, and those pinnated. The present plant no less admirably illustrates the above remark, the leaves which first appear on the seedling plants being pinnated, as is represented in the small figure on the plate, while those which afterwards come forth grow in whorls... Continue reading book >>




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