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The Botanical Magazine, Vol. 5 Or, Flower-Garden Displayed   By: (1746-1799)

Book cover

First Page:

Transcriber's note: Older spellings of place names have been left as in the original.

THE

~Botanical Magazine;~

OR,

~Flower Garden Displayed:~

IN WHICH

The most Ornamental FOREIGN PLANTS, cultivated in the Open Ground, the Green House, and the Stove, are accurately represented in their natural Colours.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according to the celebrated LINNÆUS; their Places of Growth, and Times of Flowering:

TOGETHER WITH

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE.

A WORK

Intended for the Use of such LADIES, GENTLEMEN, and GARDENERS, as wish to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate.

By WILLIAM CURTIS ,

Author of the FLORA LONDINENSIS.

~VOL. V.~

"the garden yields A soft amusement, an humane delight. To raise th' insipid nature of the ground, Or tame its savage genius to the grace Of careless sweet rusticity, that seems The amiable result of happy chance, Is to create, and give a god like joy, Which ev'ry year improves."

ARMSTRONG.

LONDON:

Printed by COUCHMAN and FRY, Throgmorton Street. For

W. CURTIS, No 3, St. George's Crescent , Black Friars Road; And Sold by

the principal Booksellers in Great Britain and Ireland.

M DCC XCI.

[145]

MONARDA FISTULOSA, var. CRIMSON MONARDA.

Class and Order.

DIANDRA MONOGYNIA.

Generic Character.

Corolla inæqualis: labio superiore lineari filamenta involvente. Semina 4.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

MONARDA fistulosa capitulis terminalibus, caule obtusangulo. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. p. 68. ed. 14. Murr. Hort. Kew. v. 1. p. 36.

ORIGANUM fistulosum Canadense. Corn. Canad. 13. t. 14.

[Illustration: No 145]

The Monarda fistulosa , a hardy herbaceous plant, growing spontaneously in Canada, and other parts of North America, has long been cultivated in the English gardens, to which it recommends itself as much by the fragrance of its foliage, as the beauty of its flowers; of this species the plant here figured is an uncommonly beautiful variety, its blossoms far surpassing those of the original in size, as well as brilliancy of colour, the floral leaves also are highly coloured; we have represented a single blossom of the common Monarda fistulosa , that the difference of the two may be rendered obvious.

This variety has been very lately introduced from Holland, by Messrs. GRIMWOOD and Co. Kensington; it flowers from June to September, and is propagated by parting its roots in spring or autumn.

[146]

HYPERICUM CALYCINUM. LARGE FLOWER'D ST. JOHN'S WORT.

Class and Order.

POLYADELPHIA POLYANDRIA.

Generic Character.

Calyx 5 partitus. Petala 5. Filamenta multa, in 5 phalanges basi connata. Capsula.

Specific Character and Synonyms.

HYPERICUM calycinum floribus pentagynis solitariis terminalibus, caule tetragono fruticoso, foliis oblongo ovatis coriaceis. Linn. Syst. Vegetab. p. 700. Mant. 106. Hort. Kew. v. 3. 103.

ASCYRUM magno flore. Bauh. Pin. 280. Prodr. 130.

ANDROSÆMUM Constantinopolitanum flore maximo. Wheler's Journey into Greece, p. 205. cum fig.

[Illustration: No 146]

This species of St. John's Wort, particularly distinguished by the largeness of its flowers, has very generally been considered as the Ascyron of LINNÆUS, owing to his giving to that plant the synonyms which properly belong to the present one: in his Mantissa , this species is called calycinum , which name is adopted in the 14th edition of the Systema Vegetabilium , and also in the Hortus Kewensis , where the proper synonyms are applied to it, and from which we learn, that it is a native of the country near Constantinople, and was introduced into this country by Sir GEORGE WHELER, Bart... Continue reading book >>




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