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Boulogne-Sur-Mer St. Patrick's Native Town   By: (1844-)

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[Frontispiece: Picture of Boulogne sur Mer] BOULOGNE SUR MER The cross marks the ruins of the fortifications built around Caligula's Tower by Henry VIII., King of England.

BOULOGNE SUR MER:

ST. PATRICK'S NATIVE TOWN

BY THE

REV. WILLIAM CANON FLEMING, RECTOR OF ST. MARY'S, MOORFIELDS, LONDON

R. & T. WASHBOURNE 1 2 & 4 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON. BENZIGER BROS.: NEW YORK, CINCINNATI, AND CHICAGO. 1907.

Nihil Obstat. GULIRLMUS CANONICUS GILDEA, D.D., M.R.

Imprimatur. FRANCISCUS, Archiepiscopus Westmonasteriensis .

THIS HISTORY OF ST. PATRICK'S NATIVE TOWN IS AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED TO THE RIGHT REVEREND PATRICK FENTON BISHOP OF AMYCLA AND BISHOP AUXILIARY OF WESTMINSTER.

PREFACE.

THE numerous bewildering and contradictory theories to be met with in books, pamphlets, and reviews concerning St. Patrick's native country are calculated to provoke a spirit of weary incredulity and impatience. However, when presenting this book to the public, we may quote the late Canon O'Hanlon's plea for adventurous writers who still endeavour to solve the problem: "The question of St. Patrick's country," writes the distinguished author of the "Lives of the Irish Saints," "has an interest for all candid investigators far beyond the claim of rival nations for the honour it should confer. It has been debated, indeed, with considerable learning and earnestness both by Irish and foreign writers; yet, as Ireland does not prefer any serious claim to the distinction, of which she might well feel proud, so can Irishmen afford to be impartial in prosecuting such an enquiry" (St. Patrick, March 17th).

From a patriotic point of view it might be urged that, although innumerable books and pamphlets have been written on our subject, not one too many has seen the light, inasmuch as each of them has served in a greater or lesser degree to keep the memory of our great Apostle ever fresh in our minds.

We are deeply indebted to the Rev. Professor Leilleux, who is at present engaged in writing a "History of the Diocese of Boulogne sur Mer," and to the Abbe Massot, chaplain to the Little Sisters of the Poor in that town, for having clearly proved to us that ancient Bononia was called "Bonauen," and Caligula's tower Turris Ordinis was called "Nemtor" by the Gaulish Celts. These discoveries go far to show that the Apostle of Ireland was a native of ancient Bononia, now called Boulogne sur Mer.

Colgan, who published his "Trias Thaumaturga" in 1647, assures us in his fifth Appendix, chapter i., that there was an old tradition in Armorica that St. Patrick was a native of that province; and the same author adds that several Irish writers adhered to that opinion. This book, therefore, does not seek to formulate a new theory; its only object is to gather together many of the records which tend to prove that St. Patrick was born in Armorican Britain.

Our most grateful thanks are also due to the Very Rev. Canon Gildea, D.D., M.R., who has kindly read through this book for the "Nil obstat"; and to the courteous Curator of the Library and Museum at Boulogne for permitting us to make a sketch of Caligula's famous tower and lighthouse, which was called Turris Ordinis or Turris Ardens by the Romans, and Nemtor or Nemthur by the Armorican Britons.

WILLIAM CANON FLEMING.

ST. MARY'S, MOORFIELDS, LONDON, E.C.

CONTENTS. St. Patrick's Parentage The Different Birthplaces assigned to St. Patrick Bonaven Taberniae was well known to the Irish Scots History of the Town Bonaven, or Bononia St. Patrick made Captive by Niall of the Nine Hostages St. Patrick after his Captivity returns to (Gaul) his Native Country St. Fiacc's Nemthur was situated in the Suburbs of Boulogne St. Fiacc describes St. Patrick's Flight from Ireland to Armorica The Scholiast practically admits St. Patrick's Birth in Armorica The "Trepartite Life" falls into the Same Error All that the Second and Third "Lives" testify The Fourth "Life" The Sixth "Life of St... Continue reading book >>




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