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A Briefe Introduction to Geography   By: (1592?-1623)

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Transcriber's Notes: This work was originally produced in 1630, only 26 years after Cawdrey's first English dictionary and more than a century before Johnson's. The spelling is, in many cases, strange to modern standards and highly variable. I have noted a small number of cases which would, I think, have been considered absurd by the original author. These have been amended to a more consonant form; all other spelling has been retained as the original. Some apparently incorrect or missing punctuation has been corrected. The reader should note that [~o] and [~e] have been used to represent the vowel superscribed by a tilde mark. This implies nasalization and should be read as indicating an omitted 'm' or 'n' following the vowel. The letters 'u' and 'v' are used largely interchangeably as also, though to a lesser extent, 'i' and 'j'. ATB.



WRITTEN BY THAT LEARNED man, Mr WILLIAM PEMBLE , Master of Arts, of Magdalen Hall in Oxford.


Printed by IOHN LICHFIELD Printer to the Famous Vniversity for EDWARD FORREST Ann. Dom. 1630.

To the Reader

Gentle Reader; I here present vnto thy view these few sheets, written by that learned man Mr William Pemble , I doubt not to call him the father, the childe fauours him so much. It hath long lay hid from thy sight, but now at length emboldned vpon thy curteous acceptance of his former labours, it lookes abroad into the world; Its but little; let not that detract any thing from it, there may lie much, though pent vp in a narrow roome; when thou reades, then iudge of it; Thus much may bee sayd: Though many haue writ of this subiect, yet this inferiour to none; thou may'st obserue in it an admirable mixture of Art and delight, so that for younger Students it may bee their introduction, for others a Remembrancer, for any not vnworthy the perusall: only, let it finde kinde entertaynment, at thy hands. Farewell.


CHAP. 1.

A generall description and division of Geography.

Topographie is a particular description of some small quantity of Land, such as Land measurers sett out in their plots.

Chorographie is a particular description of some Country, as of England, France, or any shire or prouince in them: as in the vsuall and ordinary mappe.

Geography is an art or science teaching vs the generall description of the whole earth, of this especially wee are now to speake of, and also Chorography as a part vnder it conteyned: both, excellent parts of knowledge in them selues, and affoording much profit and helpe in the vnderstanding of history & other things. The parts of Geography are two.

Generall, which treateth of the nature, qualities, measure, with other generall properties of the earth.

Speciall, wherein the seuerall countrys and coasts of the earth are deuided and described.

Of the generall in the first place, and more at large then of the other, because it is more difficult, and hard to bee vnderstood, and yet of necessary vse, for the vnderstanding of the other. This generall tract may bee parted into fiue particular heads.

1 of the properties and affections of the earth.

2 of the parts of it in generall.

3 of the Circles of it.

4 of the distinction and diuision of it accordinge to some generall conditions and qualities of it.

5 of the measuringe of it... Continue reading book >>

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