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Celebrated Women Travellers of the Nineteenth Century   By:

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CELEBRATED WOMEN TRAVELLERS.

[Illustration: YOKOHAMA.]

Celebrated Women Travellers

OF THE

NINETEENTH CENTURY

BY

W. H. DAVENPORT ADAMS

NEW YORK E. P. DUTTON & CO. 1903

CONTENTS.

PAGE

COUNTESS DORA D'ISTRIA 17

THE PRINCESS OF BELGIOJOSO 48

MADAME HOMMAIRE DE HELL 66

MADAME LÉONIE D'AUNET 126

MISS FREDERIKA BREMER 134

MADEMOISELLE ALEXINA TINNÉ 184

MADAME IDA PFEIFFER 215

MADAME DE BOURBOULON 270

LADY HESTER STANHOPE 302

LADY BRASSEY 340

LADY MORGAN 379

MRS. TROLLOPE 385

MISS HARRIET MARTINEAU 404

MISS ISABELLA BIRD 418

LADY FLORENCE DIXIE 437

MISS GORDON CUMMING 443

FLORENCE AND ROSAMOND HILL 452

LADY BARKER 456

"MAGYARLAND" 458

WOMAN AS A TRAVELLER

COUNTESS DORA D'ISTRIA.

The Princess Helena Koltzoff Massalsky, better known by her pseudonym of Dora d'Istria,[1] came of the family of the Ghikas, formerly princes of Wallachia, and was born at Bucharest, on the 22nd of January, 1829. Through the care and conscientiousness of her instructor, Mons. Papadopoulos, and her own remarkable capacity, she acquired a very complete and comprehensive education. When but eleven years old, she composed a charming little story, and before she had reached womanhood, undertook a translation of the Iliad. She showed no inclination for the frivolous amusements of a frivolous society. Her view of life and its responsibilities was a serious one, and she addressed all her energies to the work of self improvement and self culture. She read and re read the literary masterpieces of England, France and Germany. As a linguist she earned special distinction.

"Her intellectual faculties," says her master, M. Papadopoulos, "expanded with so much rapidity, that the professors charged with her instruction could not keep any other pupil abreast of her in the same studies. Not only did she make a wholly unexpected and unhoped for progress, but it became necessary for her teachers to employ with her a particular method: her genius could not submit to the restraint of ordinary rules."

She was still in the springtime and flush of youth, when she went on a tour to Germany, and visited several German courts, where she excited the same sentiments of admiration as in her own country; it was impossible to see her without being attracted by so much intellect, grace and amiability. Travelling enlarged her horizon: she was able to survey, as from a watch tower, the course of great political events, and she found herself mixing continually with the most celebrated savants and statesmen of the age. Her friendly relations with persons of very diverse opinions, while enabling her to compare and contrast a great variety of theories, did but strengthen in her "the idea and sentiment of liberty, which can alone conduct society to its true aim." Finally, from the Italian revolution of 1848, which awoke her warmest sympathies, she learned to understand the fatal consequences of despotic government, as well as the inevitable mistakes of freedom, when first unfettered and allowed to walk alone.

At the age of twenty she was married (February, 1849), and soon afterwards she set out for St. Petersburg, where she was recognised as the ornament of the higher society. In the midst of her numerous engagements, in the midst of the homage rendered to her wit and grace, she found time to collect a mass of valuable notes on the condition and inner life of the great Russian Empire, several provinces of which she knew from personal observation. From St. Petersburg to Moscow, from Odessa to Revel, her untiring activity carried her... Continue reading book >>




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