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The Century Handbook of Writing   By: (1883-1967)

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[Transcriber's Notes:

1. Italic text is rendered with underscores like this , and bold with equal signs =like this=.

2. Misprints and punctuation errors were corrected. A list of corrections can be found at the end of the text.]

THE CENTURY HANDBOOK OF WRITING

BY GARLAND GREEVER AND EASLEY S. JONES

NEW YORK THE CENTURY CO. 1927

Copyright, 1918, by THE CENTURY CO.

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

PREFACE

This handbook treats essential matters of grammar, diction, spelling, mechanics; and develops with thoroughness the principles of sentence structure. Larger units of composition it leaves to the texts in formal rhetoric.

The book is built on a decimal plan, the material being simplified and reduced to one hundred articles. Headings of these articles are summarized on two opposite pages by a chart. Here the student can see at a glance the resources of the volume, and the instructor can find immediately the number he wishes to write in the margin of a theme. The chart and the decimal scheme together make the rules accessible for instant reference.

By a device equally efficient, the book throws upon the student the responsibility of teaching himself. Each article begins with a concise rule, which is illustrated by examples; then follows a short "parallel exercise" which the instructor may assign by adding an x to the number he writes in the margin of a theme. While correcting this exercise, the student will give attention to the rule, and will acquire theory and practice at the same time. Moreover, every group of ten articles is followed by mixed exercises; these may be used for review, or imposed in the margin of a theme as a penalty for flagrant or repeated error. Thus friendly counsel is backed by discipline, and the instructor has the means of compelling the student to make rapid progress toward good English.

Although a handbook of this nature is in some ways arbitrary, the arbitrariness is always in the interest of simplicity. The book does have simplicity, permits instant reference, and provides an adequate drill which may be assigned at the stroke of a pen.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

COMPLETENESS OF THOUGHT

1. Fragments wrongly used as sentences 2. Incomplete constructions 3. Necessary words omitted 4. Comparisons not logically completed 5. Cause and reason 6. Is when and is where clauses 7. Undeveloped thought 8. Transitions 9. EXERCISE A. Incomplete sentences B. Incomplete constructions C. Incomplete logic D. Undeveloped thought and transitions

UNITY OF THOUGHT

10. Unrelated ideas in one sentence 11. Excessive detail 12. Stringy sentences to be broken up 13. Choppy sentences to be combined 14. Excessive coördination 15. Faulty subordination of the main thought 16. Subordination thwarted by and 17. The and which construction 18. The comma splice 19. EXERCISE A. The comma splice B. One thought in a sentence C. Excessive coördination D. Upside down subordination

CLEARNESS OF THOUGHT

REFERENCE 20. Divided reference 21. Weak reference 22. Broad reference 23. Dangling participle or gerund

COHERENCE 24. General incoherence 25. Logical sequence 26. Squinting modifier 27. Misplaced word 28. Split construction 29. EXERCISE A. Reference of pronouns B. Dangling modifiers C. Coherence

PARALLEL STRUCTURE 30. Parallel structure for parallel thoughts 31. Correlatives

CONSISTENCY 32. Shift in subject or voice 33... Continue reading book >>




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