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Ceylon; an Account of the Island Physical, Historical, and Topographical with Notices of Its Natural History, Antiquities and Productions, Volume 1   By: (1804-1869)

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First Page:

CEYLON; AN ACCOUNT OF THE ISLAND PHYSICAL, HISTORICAL, AND TOPOGRAPHICAL WITH NOTICES OF ITS NATURAL HISTORY, ANTIQUITIES AND PRODUCTIONS

by

SIR JAMES EMERSON TENNENT, K.C.S. LL.D. &c.

Illustrated by Maps, Plans and Drawings

Fourth Edition, Thoroughly Revised

VOLUME I

LONDON

1860

[Illustration: Frontispiece for Vol I NOOSING WILD ELEPHANTS Vol 2 p 359 368 &c]

CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME

PART I.

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY.

CHAPTER I.

GEOLOGY. MINERALOGY. GEMS.

I. General Aspect. Singular beauty of the island Its ancient renown in consequence Fable of its "perfumed winds" (note) Character of the scenery II. Geographical Position Ancient views regarding it amongst the Hindus, "the Meridian of Lanka" Buddhist traditions of former submersions (note) Errors as to the dimensions of Ceylon Opinions of Onesicritus, Eratosthenes, Strabo, Pliny, Ptolemy, Agathemerus 8, The Arabian geographers Sumatra supposed to be Ceylon (note) True latitude and longitude General Eraser's map of Ceylon (note) Geological formation Adam's Bridge Error of supposing Ceylon to be a detached fragment of India III. The Mountain System Remarkable hills, Mihintala and Sigiri Little evidence of volcanic action Rocks, gneiss Rock temples Laterite or "Cabook" Ancient name Tamba panni (note) Coral formation Extraordinary wells Darwin's theory of coral wells examined (note) The soil of Ceylon generally poor "Patenas," their phenomena obscure Rice lands between the hills Soil of the plains, "Talawas" IV. Metals. Tin Gold, nickel, cobalt Quicksilver (note) Iron V. Minerals. Anthracite, plumbago, kaolin, nitre caves List of Ceylon minerals (note) VI. Gems, ancient fame of Rose coloured quartz (note) Mode of searching for gems Rubies Sapphire, topaz, garnet, and cinnamon stone, cat's eye, amethyst, moonstone 37, Diamond not found in Ceylon (note) Gem finders and lapidaries VII. Rivers. Their character The Mahawelli ganga Table of the rivers VIII. Singular coast formation, and its causes The currents and their influence Word "Gobb" explained (note) Vegetation of the sand formations Their suitability for the coconut IX. Harbours. Galle and Trincomalie Tides Red infusoria Population of Ceylon

CHAP. II.

CLIMATE. HEALTH AND DISEASE.

Uniformity of temperature Brilliancy of foliage Colombo. January long shore wind February cold nights (note) March, April May S.W. monsoon Aspect of the country before it Lightning Rain, its violence June July and August, September, October, November. N.E. monsoon December Annual quantity of rain in Ceylon and Hindustan (note) Opposite climates of the same mountain Climate of Galle Kandy and its climate Mists and hail Climate of Trincomalie (text and note) Jaffna and its climate Waterspouts Anthelia Buddha rays Ceylon as a sanatarium. Neuera ellia Health Malaria Food and wine 76, Effects of the climate of Ceylon on disease Precautions for health

CHAP. III

VEGETATION. TREES AND PLANTS.

The Flora of Ceylon imperfectly known Vegetation similar to that of India and the Eastern Archipelago Trees of the sea borde. Mangroves Screw pines, Sonneratia The Northern Plains. EuphorbiƦ Cassia. Mustard tree of Scripture Western coast. Luxurious vegetation Eastern coast Pitcher plant. Orchids Vines Botany of the Mountains. Iron wood, Bamboo, European fruit trees Tea plant Rhododendron Mickelia Rapid disappearance of dead trees in the forests Trees with natural buttresses Flowering Trees. Coral tree The Murutu Imbul Cotton tree Champac The Upas Tree Poisons of Ceylon The Banyan The Sacred Bo tree The India Rubber tree The Snake tree Kumbuk tree: lime in its bark Curious Seeds. The Dorian, Sterculia foetida The Sea Pomegranate Strychnos, curious belief as to its poison Euphorbia The Cow tree, error regarding (note) Climbing plants, Epiphytes, and flowering creepers Orchids Brilliant terrestrial orchid, the Wanna raja... Continue reading book >>




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