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Chapters in Rural Progress   By: (1868-1935)

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CHAPTERS IN RURAL PROGRESS

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

Agents

THE BAKER & TAYLOR COMPANY NEW YORK

THE CUNNINGHAM, CURTISS & WELCH COMPANY LOS ANGELES

THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS LONDON AND EDINBURGH

THE MARUZEN KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOKYO, OSAKA, KYOTO, FUKUOKA, SENDAI

THE MISSION BOOK COMPANY SHANGHAI

KARL W. HIERSEMANN LEIPZIG

CHAPTERS IN RURAL PROGRESS

BY

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD

President of the Massachusetts Agricultural College

[Illustration: Publisher's logo]

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

COPYRIGHT 1907 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

All Rights Reserved

Published February 1908 Second Impression June 1909 Third Impression May 1911 Fourth Impression February 1913 Fifth Impression October 1916

Composed and Printed By The University of Chicago Press Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

TO MY FATHER IRA HOWARD BUTTERFIELD

WHOSE CONSTANT CONCERN FOR RURAL WELFARE AND LIFE LONG SERVICE TO RURAL INTERESTS HAVE BEEN ONE OF THE CHIEF INCENTIVES TO THE STUDIES LYING BEHIND THIS BOOK

PREFACE

This book does not offer a complete analysis of the rural problem; but attempts, in general, to present some of the more significant phases of that problem, and, in particular, to describe some of the agencies at work in solving it. Several of the chapters were originally magazine articles, and, though all have been revised and in some cases entirely rewritten, they have the limitations of such articles. Other chapters consist of more formal addresses. Necessarily there will be found some lack of uniformity in style and in method of presentation, and occasional duplication of argument or statement.

For permission to use articles, in whole or in part, I have to thank the editors of the Chautauquan , Arena , Forum , Review of Reviews , Popular Science Monthly , Michigan Alumnus , New England Farmer , Cornell Countryman ; also Professor L. R. Taft, superintendent of Farmers' Institutes in Michigan, and the officers of the American Civic Association. Two chapters comprise material heretofore unpublished.

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER PAGE

I. The Study of Rural Life 3

II. The Problems of Progress 11

THE OUTLOOK

III. The Expansion of Farm Life 45

IV. The New Farmer 53

V. Culture from the Corn Lot 66

AGENCIES OF PROGRESS

VI. Education for the Farmer 77

VII. Farmers' Institutes 92

VIII. The Hesperia Movement 104

IX. The Rural School and the Community 121

X. The Grange 136

XI. Opportunities for Farm Women 162

XII. The Country Church and Progress 170

XIII. A Summary of Recent Progress 183

FORWARD STEPS

XIV. The Social Side of the Farm Question 199

XV. The Needs of New England Agriculture 204

XVI. An Untilled Field in American Education 216

XVII. Federation for Rural Progress 233

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I

THE STUDY OF RURAL LIFE

The American farm problem, particularly its sociological aspect, has not as yet had the attention that it deserves from students. Much less have the questions that concern rural social advancement found the popular mind; in truth, the general city public has not been deeply interested in the farmer.

But there seem to be recent indications that the sentiment is changing. The heated discussions in New England about Mr. Hartt's interesting clinic over a decadent hill town, the suggestive fast day proclamation of Governor Rollins of New Hampshire a few years ago, the marvelous development of agricultural education, the renewed study of the rural school, the widespread and growing delight in country life, have all aroused an interest in and presage a new attention to rural conditions... Continue reading book >>




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