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Chips From A German Workshop. Vol. III. Essays on Literature, Biography, and Antiquities   By: (1823-1900)

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First Page:

CHIPS FROM A GERMAN WORKSHOP

BY

F. MAX MÜLLER, M. A.,

FOREIGN MEMBER OF THE FRENCH INSTITUTE, ETC.

VOLUME III.

ESSAYS ON LITERATURE, BIOGRAPHY, AND ANTIQUITIES.

NEW YORK:

CHARLES SCRIBNER AND COMPANY.

1871.

CONTENTS

DEDICATION. I. GERMAN LITERATURE. LIST OF EXTRACTS FOR ILLUSTRATING THE HISTORY OF GERMAN LITERATURE. II. OLD GERMAN LOVE SONGS. III. YE SCHYPPE OF FOOLES. IV. LIFE OF SCHILLER. V. WILHELM MÜLLER. 1794 1827. VI. ON THE LANGUAGE AND POETRY OF SCHLESWIG HOLSTEIN. VII. JOINVILLE. VIII. THE JOURNAL DES SAVANTS AND THE JOURNAL DE TRÉVOUX. IX. CHASOT. X. SHAKESPEARE. XI. BACON IN GERMANY. XII. A GERMAN TRAVELLER IN ENGLAND. XIII. CORNISH ANTIQUITIES. XIV. ARE THERE JEWS IN CORNWALL? XV. THE INSULATION OF ST. MICHAEL'S MOUNT. XVI. BUNSEN. LETTERS FROM BUNSEN TO MAX MÜLLER IN THE YEARS 1848 TO 1859. Footnotes

DEDICATION.

TO FRANCIS TURNER PALGRAVE,

IN GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE OF KIND HELP

GIVEN TO ME

IN MY FIRST ATTEMPTS AT WRITING IN ENGLISH,

AND AS A MEMORIAL

OF MANY YEARS OF FAITHFUL FRIENDSHIP.

I. GERMAN LITERATURE.(1)

There is no country where so much interest is taken in the literature of Germany as in England, and there is no country where the literature of England is so much appreciated as in Germany. Some of our modern classics, whether poets or philosophers, are read by Englishmen with the same attention as their own; and the historians, the novel writers, and the poets of England have exercised, and continue to exercise, a most powerful and beneficial influence on the people of Germany. In recent times, the literature of the two countries has almost grown into one. Lord Macaulay's History has not only been translated into German, but reprinted at Leipzig in the original; and it is said to have had a larger sale in Germany than the work of any German historian. Baron Humboldt and Baron Bunsen address their writings to the English as much as to the German public. The novels of Dickens and Thackeray are expected with the same impatience at Leipzig and Berlin as in London. The two great German classics, Schiller and Goethe, have found their most successful biographers in Carlyle and Lewes; and several works of German scholarship have met with more attentive and thoughtful readers in the colleges of England than in the universities of Germany. Goethe's idea of a world literature has, to a certain extent, been realized; and the strong feeling of sympathy between the best classes in both countries holds out a hope that, for many years to come, the supremacy of the Teutonic race, not only in Europe, but over all the world, will be maintained in common by the two champions of political freedom and of the liberty of thought, Protestant England and Protestant Germany.

The interest, however, which Englishmen take in German literature has hitherto been confined almost exclusively to the literature of the last fifty years, and very little is known of those fourteen centuries during which the German language had been growing up and gathering strength for the great triumphs which were achieved by Lessing, Schiller, and Goethe. Nor is this to be wondered at. The number of people in England, who take any interest in the early history of their own literature, is extremely small, and there is as yet no history of English literature worthy of that name. It cannot be expected, therefore, that in England many people will care to read in the original the ancient epic poems of the "Nibelunge" or "Gudrun," or acquire a grammatical knowledge of the Gothic of Ulfilas and the Old High German of Otfried. Gothic, Old High German, and Middle High German are three distinct languages, each possessing its own grammar, each differing from the others and from Modern German more materially than the Greek of Homer differs from the Greek of Demosthenes... Continue reading book >>


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