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The Christian Church in These Islands before the Coming of Augustine Three Lectures Delivered at St. Paul's in January 1894   By: (1833-1930)

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THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH IN THESE ISLANDS BEFORE THE COMING OF AUGUSTINE.

Three Lectures delivered at St. Paul's in January 1894

BY THE REV. G. F. BROWNE, B.D., D.C.L.,

CANON OF ST. PAUL'S, AND FORMERLY DISNEY PROFESSOR OF ARCHÆOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE TRACT COMMITTEE.

LONDON: SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE, W.C.; 43, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, E.C. NEW YORK: E. & J. B. YOUNG & CO. 1894.

CONTENTS.

LECTURE I.

PAGE

Importance of the anniversaries connected with the years 1894 1897. Christianity in Kent immediately before Augustine. Dates of Bishop Luidhard and Queen Bertha. Romano British Churches in Canterbury. Who were the Britons. Traditional origin of British Christianity. St. Paul. Joseph of Arimathea. Glastonbury. Roman references to Britain 5

LECTURE II.

Early mentions of Christianity in Britain. King Lucius. Origin and spread of Christianity in Gaul. British Bishops at Councils. Pelagianism. British Bishops of London. Fastidius 54

LECTURE III.

Early Christianity in other parts of these islands. Ninian in the south west of Scotland. Palladius and Patrick in Ireland. Columba in Scotland. Kentigern in Cumbria. Wales Cornwall. The fate of the several Churches. Special rites &c. of the British Church. General conclusion 107

The Christian Church in these Islands before the coming of Augustine.

LECTURE I.

Importance of the anniversaries connected with the years 1894 1897. Christianity in Kent immediately before Augustine. Dates of Bishop Luidhard and Queen Bertha. Romano British Churches in Canterbury. Who were the Britons. Traditional origin of British Christianity. St. Paul. Joseph of Arimathea. Glastonbury. Roman references to Britain.

We are approaching an anniversary of the highest interest to all English people: to English Churchmen first, for it is the thirteen hundredth anniversary of the planting of the Church of England; but also to all who are proud of English civilisation, for the planting of a Christian Church is the surest means of civilisation, and English civilisation owes everything to the English Church. In 1897 those who are still here will celebrate the thirteen hundredth anniversary of the conversion of Ethelbert, king of the Kentish people, by Augustine and the band of missionaries sent by our great benefactor Gregory, the sixty fourth bishop of Rome. I am sorry that the limitation of my present subject prevents me from enlarging upon the merits of that great man, and upon our debt to him. Englishmen must always remember that it was Gregory who gave to the Italian Mission whatever force it had; it was Gregory who gave it courage, when the dangers of a journey through France were sufficient to keep it for months shivering with fear under the shadow of the Alps; it was Gregory who gave it such measure of wisdom and common sense as it had, qualities which its leader sadly lacked. Coming nearer to the present year, there will be in 1896 the final departure of Augustine from Rome to commemorate, on July 23, and his arrival here in the late autumn. In 1895 there will be to commemorate the first departure from Rome of Augustine and his Mission, by way of Lérins and Marseilles to Aix, and the return of Augustine to Rome, when his companions, in fear of the dangers of the way, refused to go further. An ill omened beginning, prophetic and prolific of like results. The history of the Italian Mission is a history of failure to face danger. Mellitus fled from London, and got himself safe to Gaul; Justus fled from Rochester, and got himself safe to Gaul; Laurentius was packed up to fly from Canterbury and follow them[1]; Paulinus fled from York... Continue reading book >>




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