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A Concise Dictionary of Middle English From A.D. 1150 to 1580   By: (1842-)

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[Transcriber's Note:

This text is intended for users whose text readers cannot use the "real" (Unicode/UTF 8) version of the file. Characters that could not be fully displayed have been "unpacked" and shown in brackets; Greek words are shown in transliteration between marks.

[Gh] [gh] (yogh) [oe] [´æ] (oe ligature, æ with accent) [ a] [ e] ... (letters with macron or "long" mark) [)a] [)e] (letters with breve or "short" mark)

Yogh is used in dictionary headwords; the others occur only in etymologies.

Significant typographical errors are noted as they occur. Other errors chiefly in punctuation and abbreviations are listed at the end of the e text, along with an explanation of line end hyphens.

Unless otherwise noted, words are spelled and alphabetized as originally printed. Note in particular:

The letter Æ/æ is alphabetized as "ae". The letter I is alphabetized according to its phonetic value, vowel before consonant. J is not used. Thorn Þ/þ and eth ð (capital Ð does not occur) are alphabetized as "th". The letters U and V are shown with the form used in their source documents, but are alphabetized by phonetic value. A few sequences such as initial "Su " do not make this distinction. Yogh [Gh]/[gh] is alphabetized after "y".

Changes given in the authors' Additions and Corrections have been made in the main text. New entries are noted with [[Addition]] at the end of the entry; additions to existing entries have [[Addition:]] at the beginning of the new material.

All cross references are shown as printed. Where necessary, corrections are given in [[double brackets]] at the end of the entry or as a separate paragraph. The notation "headword spelled Mous" means that the referenced form exists but is not the primary entry; "error for Mous" means that the spelling in the cross reference is not used.

Transcriber's notes within the body of the text are shown in [[double brackets]]. Text in [single brackets] is in the original.]







[Illustration: Dominus Illuminatio Mea]

Oxford University Press Warehouse Amen Corner, E.C.





FROM A.D. 1150 TO 1580

By the REV. A. L. MAYHEW, M.A. of Wadham College, Oxford

and the

REV. WALTER W. SKEAT LITT.D.; LL.D. EDIN.; M.A. OXON. Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo Saxon in the University of Cambridge

"These our Ancient Words here set down, I trust will for this time satisfie the Reader." R. VERSTEGAN, Restitution of Decayed Intelligence , ch. vii (at the end)

"Authentic words be given, or none!" WORDSWORTH, Lines on Macpherson's Ossian

Oxford AT THE CLARENDON PRESS M DCCC LXXXVIII [ All rights reserved ]


(By Professor Skeat.)

The present work is intended to meet, in some measure, the requirements of those who wish to make some study of Middle English, and who find a difficulty in obtaining such assistance as will enable them to find out the meanings and etymologies of the words most essential to their purpose.

The best Middle English Dictionary, that by Dr. Mätzner of Berlin, has only reached the end of the letter H; and it is probable that it will not be completed for many years. The only Middle English Dictionary that has been carried on to the end of the alphabet is that by the late Dr. Stratmann, of Krefeld. This is a valuable work, and is indispensable for the more advanced student. However, the present work will still supply a deficiency, as it differs from Stratmann's Dictionary in many particulars. We have chosen as our Main Words, where possible, the most typical of the forms or spellings of the period of Chaucer and Piers Plowman; in Stratmann, on the other hand, the form chosen as Main Word is generally the oldest form in which it appears, frequently one of the twelfth century... Continue reading book >>

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