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Critical Miscellanies (Vol. 3 of 3) Essay 10: Auguste Comte   By: (1838-1923)

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[Transcriber's Note: Every effort has been made to replicate this text as faithfully as possible, including obsolete and variant spellings and other inconsistencies. Text that has been changed to correct an obvious error is noted at the end of this ebook.]

CRITICAL MISCELLANIES

BY

JOHN MORLEY

VOL. III.

Essay 10: Auguste Comte

London MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED NEW YORK: THE MACMILLAN COMPANY 1904

CONTENTS

AUGUSTE COMTE.

PAGE

Introduction 337

Influence of Saint Simon 340

Marriage 343

Serious illness 345

Official work 347

Completion of Positive Philosophy 349

J. S. Mill 350

Question of Subsidy 352

Money 353

Literary method 354

Hygiène cérébrale 356

Madame de Vaux 356

Positive Polity 358

Death 359

Comte's philosophic consistency 360

Early writings 361

Law of the Three States 363

Classification of sciences 366

The double key of Positive Philosophy 368

Criticism on Comte's classification 369

Sociological conceptions 371

Method 371

Decisive importance of intellectual development 373

Historical elucidations 374

Their value and popularity 374

Social dynamics in the Positive Polity 375

The Positivist system 376

The key to social regeneration 377

The Religion of Humanity 377

The Great Being 378

Remarks on the Religion 378

The worship and discipline 380

The priesthood 381

Women 382

Conclusion 383

AUGUSTE COMTE.[1]

Comte is now generally admitted to have been the most eminent and important of that interesting group of thinkers whom the overthrow of old institutions in France turned towards social speculation. Vastly superior as he was to men like De Maistre on the one hand, and to men like Saint Simon or Fourier on the other, as well in scientific acquisitions as in mental capacity, still the aim and interest of all his thinking was also theirs, namely, the renovation of the conditions of the social union. If, however, we classify him, not thus according to aim, but according to method, then he takes rank among men of a very different type from these. What distinguishes him in method from his contemporaries is his discernment that the social order cannot be transformed until all the theoretic conceptions that belong to it have been rehandled in a scientific spirit, and maturely gathered up into a systematic whole along with the rest of our knowledge... Continue reading book >>


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