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Döderlein's Hand-book of Latin Synonymes   By:

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[This text is intended for users whose text readers cannot use the "real" (Unicode/UTF 8) version of the file. All Greek words have been transliterated and shown between marks. The "oe" ligature is shown as two letters without further marking.

The printed text uses four types of emphasis: italics, boldface, small capitals and gesperrt (spaced out) type. In this e text, italics are shown conventionally with lines , and small capitals as ALL CAPITALS. Gesperrt (only in the body text, translated from German) and boldface (only in the advertising section) are both shown with marks.

Typographical errors are listed at the end of the e text. In cross references ("WORD1", see Word2 ), non trivial errors are noted in double brackets. Entries in double brackets were added by the transcriber. Single brackets are in the original; this material seems to have been added by the translator.]




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[Publisher's Device: Nolumus Vos Ignorare]

ANDOVER: WARREN F. DRAPER, Main Street. 1875.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1867, by WARREN F. DRAPER, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

Stereotyped and Printed by W. F. Draper, Andover.

CONTENTS (added by transcriber)

Note that the letterforms I/i and J/j are distinguished in print, but are alphabetized together. U/u and V/v are treated as distinct letters.

Introduction Author's Preface Handbook of Synonymes Index of Greek Words Publisher's Advertising


Dr. Ludwig Döderlein, the author of this work, was born in 1791, and became Professor in the University of Erlangen. He is an eminent philologist, and the author of several valuable philological works. The most important of these are: "The Formation of Latin Words;" "A Homeric Glossary;" "Handbook of Latin Etymology;" "Latin Synonymes and Etymologies," in six volumes; on this he labored more than twelve years, the first volume appearing in 1826, the last in 1828. From this latter work, the volume here presented was prepared by the author, and first published in 1840. After a familiarity of several years with most of the best manuals on Latin Synonymes, we find this superior to any of them, and better adapted to the wants of the student. It shows an intimate and comprehensive acquaintance with the language, and a nice discrimination between the significations of words having a greater or less similarity of meaning. The distinctions are generally well founded, and clearly stated. While at times the distinction may seem to be too refined and subtle, careful observation and more extended study will usually correct such an impression. The difference between related words may proceed from a variety of sources. It may be that of genus and species; or it may be historical, one being used at one time and the other at a different one; or one is abstract, the other concrete; one is literal, the other figurative; one is the more common expression, the other the more elegant; one is a prose word, the other poetical; one belongs to one kind of poetry, and the other to another. The difference also consists in the point of view which the writer takes. Quies is rest; requies also is rest; but the latter word shows that the writer has in mind a previous state of unrest . There are other differences also growing out of the essential nature of the words.

The advantages of the study of synonymes in a classical course, are too great to be neglected. A knowledge of them gives to the student a fulness and precision of his author's meaning otherwise unattainable. The point of a sentence often turns upon a delicate shade of thought conveyed by a particular word, which another of similar signification would not give; if this delicate shade is not appreciated, the writer's thought is either misapprehended, or but imperfectly understood... Continue reading book >>

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