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Darius the Great Makers of History   By: (1803-1879)

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First Page:

Makers of History

Darius the Great

BY

JACOB ABBOTT

WITH ENGRAVINGS

NEW YORK AND LONDON

HARPER & BROTHERS PUBLISHERS

1904

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York.

Copyright, 1878, by JACOB ABBOTT.

[Illustration: DARIUS CROSSING THE BOSPORUS.]

PREFACE.

In describing the character and the action of the personages whose histories form the subjects of this series, the writer makes no attempt to darken the colors in which he depicts their deeds of violence and wrong, or to increase, by indignant denunciations, the obloquy which heroes and conquerors have so often brought upon themselves, in the estimation of mankind, by their ambition, their tyranny, or their desperate and reckless crimes. In fact, it seems desirable to diminish, rather than to increase, the spirit of censoriousness which often leads men so harshly to condemn the errors and sins of others, committed in circumstances of temptation to which they themselves were never exposed. Besides, to denounce or vituperate guilt, in a narrative of the transactions in which it was displayed, has little influence in awakening a healthy sensitiveness in the conscience of the reader. We observe, accordingly, that in the narratives of the sacred Scriptures, such denunciations are seldom found. The story of Absalom's undutifulness and rebellion, of David's adultery and murder, of Herod's tyranny, and all other narratives of crime, are related in a calm, simple, impartial, and forbearing spirit, which leads us to condemn the sins, but not to feel a pharisaical resentment and wrath against the sinner.

This example, so obviously proper and right, the writer of this series has made it his endeavor in all respects to follow.

CONTENTS.

Chapter Page

I. CAMBYSES 13

II. THE END OF CAMBYSES 38

III. SMERDIS THE MAGIAN 59

IV. THE ACCESSION OF DARIUS 82

V. THE PROVINCES 99

VI. THE RECONNOITERING OF GREECE 123

VII. THE REVOLT OF BABYLON 144

VIII. THE INVASION OF SCYTHIA 167

IX. THE RETREAT FROM SCYTHIA 189

X. THE STORY OF HISTIÆUS 210

XI. THE INVASION OF GREECE 233

XII. THE DEATH OF DARIUS 264

ENGRAVINGS.

Page

MAP OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE.

DARIUS CROSSING THE BOSPORUS Frontispiece.

THE ARMY OF CAMBYSES OVERWHELMED IN THE DESERT 35

PHÆDYMA FEELING FOR SMERDIS'S EARS 69

THE INDIAN GOLD HUNTERS 121

THE BABYLONIANS DERIDING DARIUS FROM THE WALL 156

MAP OF GREECE 232

THE INVASION OF GREECE 256

[Illustration: MAP OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE.]

DARIUS THE GREAT

CHAPTER I.

CAMBYSES.

B.C. 530 524

Cyrus the Great. His extended conquests. Cambyses and Smerdis. Hystaspes and Darius. Dream of Cyrus. His anxiety and fears. Accession of Cambyses. War with Egypt. Origin of the war with Egypt. Ophthalmia. The Egyptian physician. His plan of revenge. Demand of Cyrus. Stratagem of the King of Egypt. Resentment of Cassandane. Threats of Cambyses. Future conquests. Temperament and character of Cambyses. Impetuosity of Cambyses... Continue reading book >>




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