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Descriptions of Two Species of Frogs, Genus Ptychohyla Studies of American Hylid Frogs, V   By: (1930-)

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UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Volume 13, No. 8, Pl. 25, figs. 1 2, pp. 349 357 April 27, 1961

Descriptions of Two Species of Frogs, Genus Ptychohyla Studies of American Hylid Frogs, V

BY WILLIAM E. DUELLMAN

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LAWRENCE 1961

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS, MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Editors: E. Raymond Hall, Chairman, Henry S. Fitch, Robert W. Wilson

Volume 13, No. 8, Pl. 25, figs. 1 2, pp. 349 357 Published April 27, 1961

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas

PRINTED IN THE STATE PRINTING PLANT TOPEKA, KANSAS 1961

28 6442

Descriptions of Two New Species of Frogs, Genus Ptychohyla Studies of American Hylid Frogs, V

BY

WILLIAM E. DUELLMAN

Field studies on hylid frogs in southern México and northern Central America have resulted in the collection of numerous specimens of Ptychohyla , a genus of hylid frogs heretofore poorly represented in museum collections. Experience with the living frogs in their natural habitats has been helpful in defining the species and in formulating ideas concerning their relationships.

Taylor (1944) proposed the generic name Ptychohyla for a new species of frog, Ptychohyla adipoventris [= Ptychohyla leonhard schultzei (Ahl) fide Duellman, 1960] from Agua del Obispo, Guerrero. Taylor defined the genus as having large ventrolateral glands and horny nuptial spines in males. Stuart (1954:169) discussed the generic characters and pointed out that both the ventrolateral glands and horny nuptial spines were seasonal in their development, being found only in breeding males. Stuart then went on to describe Ptychohyla schmidtorum , a species characterized by the absence of horny nuptial spines in breeding males. My investigations of these frogs have revealed the presence of two groups of species. In both groups breeding males have large ventrolateral glands, but the two groups are easily separated by four characters. The first group contains, among others, Ptychohyla leonhard schultzei , euthysanota , spinipollex , and another species in the Mesa Central of Chiapas to which I tentatively apply the name Ptychohyla macrotympanum (Tanner), 1957. This group of species is characterized by horny nuptial spines in breeding males, presence of a tarsal fold, a call consisting of a single long note, and tadpoles having lips not greatly expanded. The second group, as recognized here, is characterized by the absence of horny nuptial spines in breeding males, lack of a tarsal fold, a call consisting of a series of short notes, and tadpoles having greatly expanded lips. In this group belong Ptychohyla schmidtorum and the two species described below.

Only the descriptions of the new species are given in this paper; detailed comparisons, descriptions of osteological features, analyses of calls, and discussions of relationships are reserved for a forthcoming review of the entire genus.

In the spring of 1959, collections of amphibians and reptiles were made in the cloud forests on the northern slopes of the Sierra Madre Oriental in northern Oaxaca. Among the hylids found, two specimens of a heretofore unnamed species of Ptychohyla have brilliant red flash colors on the groin and thighs; in allusion to these fiery colors I propose that this species be named:

~ Ptychohyla ignicolor ~ new species

(Plate 25, Fig. 1)

Holotype. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology No. 119603, from a stream 6 kilometers south of Vista Hermosa, Oaxaca, México (1865 meters); obtained on March 31, 1959, by Thomas E. Moore. Original Number WED 14159.

Paratype. UMMZ 119602 from Vista Hermosa, Oaxaca (1500 meters); obtained on March 30, 1959, by William E. Duellman.

Diagnosis. A species of the schmidtorum group of Ptychohyla differing from other known members of the group in having the diameter of the tympanum less than one half the diameter of the eye, no white spot below the eye, no lateral light stripe, bright green dorsum in life and red flash colors on groin and thighs... Continue reading book >>




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