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Doña Clarines y Mañana de Sol   By: (1871-1938)

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Heath's Modern Language Series




Edited with Introduction, Notes and Vocabulary by

S. GRISWOLD MORLEY, PH.D. Assistant Professor of Spanish, University of California

D. C. Heath & Co., Publishers Boston New York Chicago



At present writing it seems to be a fact that no Spanish comedy written within the last thirty years, perhaps fifty, and making any pretense to literary worth, is available for use as a text in the United States. With the intention of filling part of the gap, as well as of introducing to students two contemporary Spanish dramatists, very well known in their own country, and very well worth while, I have selected these two short plays of the brothers Álvarez Quintero. While they are not the most important works of these authors, they are probably the best adapted to school use. The many Andalusian forms in most of the Quintero comedies debar them wholly, and in others continental plainness of speech is an obstacle. Doña Clarines and Mañana de sol are not too difficult, are written in bright and idiomatic Castilian, are entirely fit for class use, and are reprinted without the alteration or omission of a word in the original. They may well be read in the first year of a college course in Spanish, or in the second year of the high school. The editing has not been done with an eye to the needs of absolute beginners.

As no critical writing worth mentioning has yet been directed toward the brothers Quintero, notwithstanding their great popularity in Spain and Italy, the introduction is perforce in the nature of pioneer work.

I wish to express my very sincere gratitude to the authors of these comedies, who first gave their courteous authorization to reprint, and then extended their generosity so far as to furnish information which would have been wholly inaccessible otherwise. Without their graciously manifested kindness, this book could obviously never have appeared.

Various colleagues have helped in the interpretation of difficult idioms; to all of them I convey my hearty thanks, and in particular to Professor Schevill and Professor Bransby of the University of California.




Serafín and Joaquín Álvarez Quintero are brothers, and write in collaboration. They are among the most popular and prolific playwrights of the day in Spain. Neither qualification is necessarily flattering, but the comedies of the Quinteros[A] have many permanent beauties which speak well for the taste of the contemporary Spanish audience. Even in their farces they are never vulgar, never coarse, and they are not to be confounded with the many amusers of the crowd in Madrid, the Ramos Carrións, the Vital Azas, the Carlos Arniches, etc. Their work possesses a distinction and color which lift it into the realm of literature.

[Footnote A: Picón and Mariano de Cavia write "los Quinteros", but other Spaniards seem to prefer "los Quintero".]


The brothers Quintero have never made public the details of their private life, and no article of importance seems yet to have been published concerning them. From a little semi serious Autobiografía , originally printed in Alma española (1904), and from various other sources, the following facts have been gleaned:

Don Serafín was born on March 26, 1871, and don Joaquín on Jan. 20, 1873, in Utrera, 20 miles from Seville. To this capital the family moved "when the two boys together measured a yard in height", and there they attended the Instituto. Their dramatic talent appeared at the earliest possible age, and they composed and acted plays in the patio of their own house before any other stage could be provided. Their ages were 16 and 15 when Esgrima y amor , a farce, was produced at the Teatro Cervantes in Seville (Jan... Continue reading book >>

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