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Domesticated Animals Their Relation to Man and to his Advancement in Civilization   By: (1841-1906)

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First Page:

[Illustration: AFRICAN ELEPHANT]

DOMESTICATED ANIMALS

THEIR RELATION TO MAN AND TO HIS ADVANCEMENT IN CIVILIZATION

BY

NATHANIEL SOUTHGATE SHALER

DEAN OF THE LAWRENCE SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY

ILLUSTRATED

NEW YORK CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 1908

COPYRIGHT, 1895, BY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

CONTENTS

PAGE INTRODUCTION, 1

THE DOG

Ancestry of the Domesticated Dogs. Early Uses of the Animal: Variations induced by Civilization. Shepherd dogs: their Peculiarities; other Breeds. Possible Intellectual Advances. Evils of Specialized Breeding. Likeness of Emotions of Dogs to those of Man: Comparison with other Domesticated Animals. Modes of Expression of Emotions in Dogs. Future Development of this Species. Comparison of Dogs and Cats as regards Intelligence and Position in Relation to Man, 11

THE HORSE

Value of the Strength of the Horse to Man. Origin of the Horse. Peculiar Advantage of the Solid Hoof. Domestication of the Horse. How begun. Use as a Pack Animal. For War. Peculiar Advantages of the Animal for Use of Men. Mental Peculiarities. Variability of Body. Spontaneous Variations due to Climate. Variations of Breeds. Effect of the Invention of Horseshoes. Donkeys and Mules compared with Horse. Especial Value of these Animals. Diminishing Value of Horses in Modern Civilization. Continued Need of their Service in War, 57

THE FLOCKS AND HERDS: BEASTS FOR BURDEN, FOOD, AND RAIMENT

Effect of this Group of Animals on Man. First Subjugations. Basis of Domesticability. Horned Cattle. Wool bearing Animals. Sheep and Goats. Camels: their Limitation. Elephants: Ancient History; Distribution; Intelligence; Use in the Arts; Need of True Domestication. Pigs: their Peculiar Economic Value; Modern Varieties; Mental Qualities. Relation of the Development of Domesticable Animals to the Time of Man's Appearance on the Earth, 103

DOMESTICATED BIRDS

Domestication of Animals mainly accomplished by the Aryan Race; Small Amount of Such Work by American Indians. Barnyard Fowl: Mental Qualities; Habits of Combat. Peacocks: their Limited Domestication. Turkeys: their Origin; tending to revert to the Savage State. Water Fowl: Limited Number of Species domesticated; Intellectual Qualities of this Group. The Pigeon: Origin and History of Group; Marvels of Breeding. Song Birds. Hawks and Hawking. Sympathetic Motive of Birds: their Æsthetic Sense; their Capacity for Enjoyment, 152

USEFUL INSECTS

Relations of Men to Insect World. But Few Species Useful to Man. Little Trace of Domestication. Honey bees: their Origin; Reasons for no Selective Work; Habits of the Species. Silkworms: Singular Importance to Man. Intelligence of Species. Cochineal Insect. Spanish Flies. Future of Man relative to Useful Insects, 190

THE RIGHTS OF ANIMALS

Recent Understanding as to the Rights of Animals; Nature of these Rights; their Origin in Sympathy. Early State of Sympathetic Emotions. Place of Statutes concerning Animal Rights. Present and Future of Animal Rights. Question of Vivisection. Rights of Domesticated Animals to Proper Care; to Enjoyment. Ends of the Breeder's Art. Moral Position of the Hunter. Probable Development of the Protecting Motive as applied to Animals, 204

THE PROBLEM OF DOMESTICATION

The Conditions of Domestication; Effects on Society; Share of the Races of Men in the Work. Evils of Non Intercourse with Domesticated Animals as in Cities; Remedies. Scientific Position of Domestication; Future of the Art. List of Species which may Advantageously be Domesticated. Peculiar Value of the Birds and Mammals. Importance of Groups which tenant High Latitudes. Plan for Wilderness Reservations; Relation to National Parks... Continue reading book >>




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