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Drugging a Nation The Story of China and the Opium Curse   By: (1874-1936)

Drugging a Nation The Story of China and the Opium Curse by Samuel Merwin

First Page:

DRUGGING A NATION

[Illustration: H. E. TONG SHAO I One of the Leaders of the Opium Reform Movement in China]

Drugging a Nation

The Story of China and the Opium Curse

A Personal Investigation, during an Extended Tour, of the Present Conditions of the Opium Trade in China and Its Effects upon the Nation

By SAMUEL MERWIN

NEW YORK CHICAGO TORONTO Fleming H. Revell Company LONDON AND EDINBURGH

Copyright, 1908, by FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY

Copyright, 1907 1908, by SUCCESS COMPANY

New York: 158 Fifth Avenue Chicago: 80 Wabash Avenue Toronto: 25 Richmond Street, W. London: 21 Paternoster Square Edinburgh: 100 Princes Street

NOTE

These chapters were originally published during 1907 and 1908 in Success Magazine . Though frankly journalistic in tone, the book presents something more than the hasty conclusions of a journalist. During its preparation the author travelled around the world, inquiring into the problem at first hand in China and in England, reading all available printed matter which seemed to bear in any way on the subject, and interviewing several hundred gentlemen who have had special opportunities to study the problem from various standpoints. The writing was not begun until this preliminary work was completed and the natural conclusions had become convictions in the author's mind.

CONTENTS

I. CHINA'S PREDICAMENT 9

II. THE GOLDEN OPIUM DAYS 20

III. A GLIMPSE INTO AN OPIUM PROVINCE 53

IV. CHINA'S SINCERITY 70

V. SOWING THE WIND IN CHINA SHANGHAI 101

VI. SOWING THE WIND IN CHINA TIENTSIN AND HONGKONG 129

VII. HOW BRITISH CHICKENS CAME HOME TO ROOST 154

VIII. THE POSITION OF GREAT BRITAIN 178

APPENDIX 204

ILLUSTRATIONS

Facing page

H. E. TONG SHAO I Title

KNEADING CRUDE OPIUM WITH OIL TO MAKE ROUND OR FLAT CAKES 27

MAKING ROUND CAKES OF OPIUM 27

THE OPIUM HULKS OF SHANGHAI 50

AN OPIUM RECEIVING SHIP OR "GODOWN" AT SHANGHAI 50

THE VILLAGES WERE LITTLE MORE THAN HEAPS OF RUINS 54

AT LAST HE CRAWLS OUT ON THE HIGHWAY, WHINING, CHATTERING AND PRAYING THAT A FEW COPPER CASH BE THROWN HIM 54

WRECK AND RUIN IN CHINA 68

ENFORCING THE EDICT AT SHANGHAI 88

IN AN OPIUM DEN, SHANGHAI 114

OPIUM SMOKING 114

WEIGHING OPIUM IN A GOVERNMENT FACTORY IN INDIA 154

WHERE THE CHINAMAN TRAVELS, OPIUM TRAVELS TOO 172

Drugging a Nation

I

CHINA'S PREDICAMENT

In September, 1906, an edict was issued from the Imperial Court at Peking which states China's predicament with naïveté and vigour.

"The cultivation of the poppy," runs the edict, in the authorized translation, "is the greatest iniquity in agriculture, and the provinces of Szechuen, Shensi, Kansu, Yunnan, Kweichow, Shansi, and Kanghuai abound in its product, which, in fact, is found everywhere. Now that it is decided to abandon opium smoking within ten years, the limiting of this cultivation should be taken as a fundamental step ... opium has been in use so long by the people that nearly three tenths or four tenths of them are smokers."

"Three tenths or four tenths" of the Chinese people, one hundred and fifty million opium smokers mean three or four times the population of Great Britain, a good many more than the population of the United States!

The Chinese are notoriously inexact in statistical matters... Continue reading book >>




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