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Dutch and English on the Hudson A Chronicle of Colonial New York   By: (1856-1935)

Book cover

First Page:

ROOSEVELT EDITION

VOLUME 7

THE CHRONICLES OF AMERICA SERIES

ALLEN JOHNSON EDITOR

GERHARD H. LOMER CHARLES W. JEFFERYS ASSISTANT EDITORS

[Frontispiece: LOWER BROADWAY IN 1650. From the painting by C. W. Jefferys]

DUTCH AND ENGLISH ON THE HUDSON

A CHRONICLE OF COLONIAL NEW YORK

BY MAUD WILDER GOODWIN

NEW HAVEN: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

TORONTO: GLASGOW, BROOK & CO.

LONDON: HUMPHREY MILFORD

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

1921

Copyright, 1919, by Yale University Press

{vii}

CONTENTS

I. UP THE GREAT RIVER Page 1 II. TRADERS AND SETTLERS " 17 III. PATROONS AND LORDS OF THE MANOR " 32 IV. THE DIRECTORS " 51 V. DOMINES AND SCHOOL TEACHERS " 83 VI. THE BURGHERS " 102 VII. THE NEIGHBORS OF NEW NETHERLAND " 123 VIII. THE EARLY ENGLISH GOVERNORS " 137 IX. LEISLER " 150 X. PRIVATEERS AND PIRATES " 165 XI. COLONIAL GOVERNMENT IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY " 180 XII. THE ZENGER TRIAL " 193 XIII. THE NEGRO PLOTS " 206 XIV. SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON " 218 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE " 231 INDEX " 235

{ix}

ILLUSTRATIONS

LOWER BROADWAY IN 1650 From the painting by C. W. Jefferys. Frontispiece

THE HUDSON RIVER REGION, 1609 1770 Map by W. L. G. Joerg, American Geographical Society. Facing page 12

{1}

DUTCH AND ENGLISH ON THE HUDSON

CHAPTER I

UP THE GREAT RIVER

Geography is the maker of history. The course of Dutch settlement in America was predetermined by a river which runs its length of a hundred and fifty miles from the mountains to the sea through the heart of a fertile country and which offers a natural highway for transportation of merchandise and for communication between colonies. No man, however, could foresee the development of the Empire State when, on that memorable September day in 1609, a small Dutch yacht named the Halve Maene or Half Moon , under the command of Captain Henry Hudson, slipped in past the low hook of sand in front of the Navesink Heights, and sounded her way to an {2} anchorage in what is now the outer harbor of New York.

Robert Juet of Limehouse, one of the adventurers sailing with Hudson, writes in his journal:

At three of the clock in the afternoone we came to three great rivers, so we stood along to the northermost, thinking to have gone into it; but we found it to have a very shoald barre before it, for we had but ten foot water; then wee cast about to the southward and found two fathoms, three fathoms, and three and a quarter, till we came to the souther side of them; then we had five and sixe fathoms and anchored. So wee sent in our boate to sound and they found no lesse water than foure, five, six, and seven fathoms and returned in an hour and a half. So wee weighed and went in and rode in five fathoms, oozie ground, and saw many salmons, mullets and rayes very great.

So quietly is chronicled one of the epoch making events of history, an event which opened a rich territory and gave to the United Netherlands their foothold in the New World, where Spain, France, and England had already established their claims. Let us try to call to our minds the picture of the Half Moon as she lies there in harbor, a quaint, clumsily built boat of forty lasts, or eighty tons, burden. From her bow projects a beakhead, a sort of gallery, painted and carved, and used as a {3} place of rest or of punishment for the sailors... Continue reading book >>




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