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Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know Easy studies of the earth and the stars for any time and place   By:

Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know Easy studies of the earth and the stars for any time and place by Julia Ellen Rogers

First Page:

[Illustration: Pike's Peak, Colorado]

EARTH and SKY EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW

EASY STUDIES OF THE EARTH AND THE STARS FOR ANY TIME AND PLACE

BY

JULIA ELLEN ROGERS

AUTHOR OF "THE TREE BOOK," "THE SHELL BOOK," "KEY TO THE NATURE LIBRARY," "TREES EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW."

ILLUSTRATED BY THIRTY ONE PAGES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND DRAWINGS

[Illustration]

NEW YORK GROSSET & DUNLAP PUBLISHERS

COPYRIGHT, 1910, BY DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY

PUBLISHED, OCTOBER, 1910

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, INCLUDING THAT OF TRANSLATION INTO FOREIGN LANGUAGES, INCLUDING THE SCANDINAVIAN

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

A number of the photographs in this volume are used by permission of the American Museum of Natural History. The star maps and drawings of the constellations are by Mrs. Jerome B. Thomas. The poem by Longfellow, quoted in part, is with the permission of the publishers, Houghton, Mifflin & Co.

CONTENTS

PART I. THE EARTH

PAGE

THE GREAT STONE BOOK 3

THE FOSSIL FISH 6

THE CRUST OF THE EARTH 9

WHAT IS THE EARTH MADE OF? 14

THE FIRST DRY LAND 22

A STUDY OF GRANITE 27

METAMORPHIC ROCKS 31

THE AIR IN MOTION 35

THE WORK OF THE WIND 44

RAIN IN SUMMER, by Henry W. Longfellow 50

WHAT BECOMES OF THE RAIN? 51

THE SOIL IN FIELDS AND GARDENS 58

THE WORK OF EARTHWORMS 63

QUIET FORCES THAT DESTROY ROCKS 68

HOW ROCKS ARE MADE 72

GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH A RIVER 78

THE WAYS OF RIVERS 84

THE STORY OF A POND 90

THE RIDDLE OF THE LOST ROCKS 93

THE QUESTION ANSWERED 96

GLACIERS AMONG THE ALPS 98

THE GREAT ICE SHEET 104

FOLLOWING SOME LOST RIVERS 110

THE MAMMOTH CAVE OF KENTUCKY 114

LAND BUILDING BY RIVERS 121

THE MAKING OF MOUNTAINS 126

THE LAVA FLOOD OF THE NORTHWEST 130

THE FIRST LIVING THINGS 134

AN ANCIENT BEACH AT EBB TIDE 138

THE LIME ROCKS 147

THE AGE OF FISHES 152

KING COAL 155

HOW COAL WAS MADE 160

THE MOST USEFUL METAL 167

THE AGE OF REPTILES 175

THE AGE OF MAMMALS 180

THE HORSE AND HIS ANCESTORS 186

THE AGE OF MAN 194

PART II. THE SKY

EVERY FAMILY A "STAR CLUB" 201

THE DIPPERS AND THE POLE STAR 207

CONSTELLATIONS YOU CAN ALWAYS SEE 213

WINTER CONSTELLATIONS 219

ORION, HIS DOGS, AND THE BULL 223

SEVEN FAMOUS CONSTELLATIONS 231

THE TWENTY BRIGHTEST STARS 239

HOW TO LEARN MORE 241

ILLUSTRATIONS

Pike's Peak Frontispiece

FACING PAGE

Sand Dunes in Arizona 44

Grand Cañon of the Colorado 45

Castles Carved by Rain and Wind 52

Where All the Water Comes From 53

The Richest Gold and Silver Mines 72

Rocks Being Ground to Flour 73

A Pond Made by a Glacier 88

The Struggle Between a Stream and Its Banks 89

Ripple Marks and Glacial Striæ 102

Glacial Grooves and Markings 103

Crinoid and Ammonite 140

Fossil Corals, Coquina, Hippurite Limestone 141

Fossil Fish 152

Meteorite 153

Eocene Fish and Trilobite 156

How Coal Was Made 157

Banded Sandstone... Continue reading book >>




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