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England in America, 1580-1652   By: (1853-1935)

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First Page:

ENGLAND IN AMERICA

1580 1652

By

Lyon Gardiner Tyler, LL.D.

J. & J. Harper Editions Harper & Row, Publishers New York and Evanston

1904 by Harper & Brothers.

[Illustration: SIR WALTER RALEIGH (1552 1618). From an engraving by Robinson after a painting by Zucchero.]

CONTENTS

CHAP. PAGE

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION xiii

AUTHOR'S PREFACE xix

I. GENESIS OF ENGLISH COLONIZATION (1492 1579) 3

II. GILBERT AND RALEIGH COLONIES (1583 1602) 18

III. FOUNDING OF VIRGINIA (1602 1608) 34

IV. GLOOM IN VIRGINIA (1608 1617) 55

V. TRANSITION OF VIRGINIA (1617 1640) 76

VI. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF VIRGINIA (1634 1652) 100

VII. FOUNDING OF MARYLAND (1632 1650) 118

VIII. CONTENTIONS IN MARYLAND (1633 1652) 134

IX. FOUNDING OF PLYMOUTH (1608 1630) 149

X. DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PLYMOUTH (1621 1643) 163

XI. GENESIS OF MASSACHUSETTS (1628 1630) 183

XII. FOUNDING OF MASSACHUSETTS (1630 1642) 196

XIII. RELIGION AND GOVERNMENT IN MASSACHUSETTS (1631 1638) 210

XIV. NARRAGANSETT AND CONNECTICUT SETTLEMENTS (1635 1637) 229

XV. FOUNDING OF CONNECTICUT AND NEW HAVEN (1637 1652) 251

XVI. NEW HAMPSHIRE AND MAINE (1653 1658) 266

XVII. COLONIAL NEIGHBORS (1643 1652) 282

XVIII. THE NEW ENGLAND CONFEDERATION (1643 1654) 297

XIX. EARLY NEW ENGLAND LIFE 318

XX. CRITICAL ESSAY ON AUTHORITIES 328

INDEX 341

MAPS

ROANOKE ISLAND, JAMESTOWN, AND ST. MARY'S (1584 1632) facing 34

CHART OF VIRGINIA, SHOWING INDIAN AND EARLY ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS IN 1632 76

VIRGINIA IN 1652 99

MARYLAND IN 1652 133

NEW ENGLAND (1652) facing 196

MAINE IN 1652 265

NEW SWEDEN AND NEW NETHERLAND 296

[Transcriber's Note: This text retains original spellings. Also, superscripted abbreviations or contractions are indicated by the use of a caret (^), such as w^th (with).]

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION

Some space has already been given in this series to the English and their relation to the New World, especially the latter half of Cheyney's European Background of American History , which deals with the religious, social, and political institutions which the English colonists brought with them; and chapter v. of Bourne's Spain in America , describing the Cabot voyages. This volume begins a detailed story of the English settlement, and its title indicates the conception of the author that during the first half century the American colonies were simply outlying portions of the English nation, but that owing to disturbances culminating in civil war they had the opportunity to develop on lines not suggested by the home government.

The first two chapters deal with the unsuccessful attempts to plant English colonies, especially by Gilbert and Raleigh. These beginnings are important because they proved the difficulty of planting colonies through individual enterprise. At the same time the author brings out clearly the various motives for colonization the spirit of adventure, the desire to enjoy a new life, and the intent to harm the commerce of the colonies of Spain.

In chapters iii. to vi. the author describes the final founding of the first successful colony, Virginia, and emphasizes four notable characteristics of that movement... Continue reading book >>




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