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English Critical Essays Nineteenth Century   By: (1869-1941)

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First Page:

The World's Classics

CCVI

ENGLISH CRITICAL ESSAYS NINETEENTH CENTURY

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS LONDON: AMEN HOUSE, E.C. 4 EDINBURGH GLASGOW LEIPZIG COPENHAGEN NEW YORK TORONTO MELBOURNE CAPETOWN BOMBAY CALCUTTA MADRAS SHANGHAI HUMPHREY MILFORD PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY

ENGLISH CRITICAL ESSAYS NINETEENTH CENTURY

SELECTED AND EDITED BY EDMUND D. JONES

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS LONDON: HUMPHREY MILFORD

The present selection of English Critical Essays (Nineteenth Century) was first published in 'The World's Classics' in 1916 and reprinted in 1919, 1920, 1921, 1924 and 1928.

PRINTED IN ENGLAND AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS OXFORD BY JOHN JOHNSON PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY

TRANSCRIBER'S NOTE

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PREFACE

The essays here brought together are meant to illustrate English literary criticism during the nineteenth century. A companion volume representative of Renaissance and Neo classic criticism will, it is hoped, be issued at a future date. Meanwhile this volume may well go forth alone. For the nineteenth century forms an epoch in English literature whose beginnings are more clearly defined than those of most literary epochs. The publication of the Lyrical Ballads in 1798, and of Wordsworth's Preface to the second edition in 1800, show the Romantic Movement grown conscious and deliberate, with results that have coloured the whole stream of English poetry and criticism ever since.

The greater part of the present collection deals with general principles rather than with criticisms of individual books or authors. The nineteenth century, having discarded the dogmas and 'rules' of Neo classicism, had perforce to investigate afresh the Theory of Poetry, and though no systematic treatment of the subject in all its bearings appeared, some valuable contributions were made, the most notable of which came from the poets themselves.

The extracts from the Biographia Literaria are placed next to the Wordsworthian doctrines which they criticize; otherwise the arrangement of the essays is chronological.

American criticism is represented inadequately, but, it is hoped, not unworthily by the last two essays.

In the preparation of this volume I have received much valuable help from Mr. J. C. Smith, which I now gratefully acknowledge.

EDMUND D. JONES.

CONTENTS

PAGE WILLIAM WORDSWORTH, 1770 1850 Poetry and Poetic Diction. (1800) 1

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE, 1772 1834 Wordsworth's Theory of Diction. (1817) 40 Metrical Composition. (1817) 57

WILLIAM BLAKE, 1757 1827 The Canterbury Pilgrims. (1809) 85

CHARLES LAMB, 1775 1834 On the Tragedies of Shakespeare, Considered with Reference to their Fitness for Stage Representation. (1811) 95

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY, 1792 1822 A Defence of Poetry. (1821) 120

WILLIAM HAZLITT, 1778 1830 My First Acquaintance with Poets. (1823) 164

JOHN KEBLE, 1792 1866 Sacred Poetry. (1825) 191

JOHN HENRY NEWMAN, 1801 1890 Poetry with reference to Aristotle's Poetics... Continue reading book >>




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