Books Should Be Free
Loyal Books
Free Public Domain Audiobooks & eBook Downloads
Search by: Title, Author or Keyword

The English Utilitarians, Volume II   By: (1832-1904)

Book cover

First Page:

THE ENGLISH UTILITARIANS

by

LESLIE STEPHEN

In Three Volumes

VOL. II

JAMES MILL

London Duckworth And Co. 3 Henrietta Street, W.C. 1900

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

JAMES MILL

PAGE

I. Early Life, 1

II. Bentham's Lieutenant, 7

III. Leader of the Utilitarians, 25

CHAPTER II

REFORM MOVEMENTS

I. Political Change, 41

II. Law Reform, 47

III. Economic Reform, 51

IV. Church Reform, 57

V. Sinister Interests, 62

CHAPTER III

POLITICAL THEORY

I. Mill on Government, 74

II. Whiggism, 98

III. Conservatism, 109

IV. Socialism, 119

CHAPTER IV

MALTHUS

I. Malthus's Starting point, 137

II. The Ratios, 147

III. Moral Restraint, 156

IV. Social Remedies, 165

V. Political Application, 174

VI. Rent, 181

CHAPTER V

RICARDO

I. Ricardo's Starting point, 186

II. The Distribution Problem, 195

III. Value and Labour, 204

IV. The Classical Political Economy, 216

V. The Ricardians, 226

CHAPTER VI

ECONOMIC HERETICS

I. The Malthusian Controversy, 238

II. Socialism, 259

CHAPTER VII

PSYCHOLOGY

I. Thomas Brown, 267

II. James Mill's Analysis , 287

III. James Mill's Ethics, 312

CHAPTER VIII

RELIGION

I. Philip Beauchamp, 338

II. Contemporary Thought, 361

CHAPTER I

JAMES MILL

I. EARLY LIFE

Bentham's mantle fell upon James Mill.[1] Mill expounded in the tersest form the doctrines which in Bentham's hands spread into endless ramifications and lost themselves in minute details. Mill became the leader of Bentham's bodyguard; or, rather, the mediator between the prophet in his 'hermitage' and the missionaries who were actively engaged on the hustings and in committee rooms. The special characteristics of English Utilitarianism in the period of its greatest activity were thus more affected by Mill than by any other leader of opinion.

James Mill was one of the countless Scots who, having been trained at home in strict frugality and stern Puritanic principles, have fought their way to success in England. He was born 6th April 1773 in the parish of Logie Pert, Forfarshire. His father, also named James Mill, was a village shoemaker, employing two or three journeymen when at the height of his prosperity. His mother, Isabel Fenton, daughter of a farmer, had been a servant in Edinburgh. Her family had some claims to superior gentility; she was fastidious, delicate in frame, and accused of pride by her neighbours. She resolved to bring up James, her eldest son, to be a gentleman, which practically meant to be a minister. He probably showed early promise of intellectual superiority. He received the usual training at the parish school, and was then sent to the Montrose Academy, where he was the school fellow and friend of a younger lad, Joseph Hume (1777 1855), afterwards his political ally. He boarded with a Montrose shopkeeper for 2s. 6d. a week, and remained at the Academy till he was seventeen. He was never put to work in his father's shop, and devoted himself entirely to study. The usual age for beginning to attend a Scottish university was thirteen or fourteen; and it would have been the normal course for a lad in Mill's position to be sent at that age to Aberdeen. Mill's education was prolonged by a connection which was of great service to him. Sir John Stuart (previously Belches), of Fettercairn House, in Mill's neighbourhood, had married Lady Jane Leslie, and was by her father of an only child, Wilhelmina. Lady Jane was given to charity, and had set up a fund to educate promising lads for the ministry... Continue reading book >>


Book sections



eBook Downloads
ePUB eBook
• iBooks for iPhone and iPad
• Nook
• Sony Reader
Kindle eBook
• Mobi file format for Kindle
Read eBook
• Load eBook in browser
Text File eBook
• Computers
• Windows
• Mac

Review this book



Popular Genres
More Genres
Languages
Paid Books