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The Ethnology of the British Islands   By: (1812-1888)

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First Page:

Transcriber's Note:

Archaic, dialect and variant spellings (including quoted proper nouns) remain as printed, except where noted. Minor typographical errors have been corrected without note; significant amendments have been listed at the end of the text.

Greek text has been transliterated and appears between {braces}.

The oe ligature has been transcribed as [oe], e.g. , Ph[oe]nician.

THE ETHNOLOGY OF THE BRITISH ISLANDS.

THE ETHNOLOGY OF THE BRITISH ISLANDS.

BY R. G. LATHAM, M.D., F.R.S., CORRESPONDING MEMBER TO THE ETHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY, NEW YORK, ETC.

[Device]

LONDON: JOHN VAN VOORST, PATERNOSTER ROW.

MDCCCLII.

LONDON: PRINTED BY T. E. METCALF, 63, SNOW HILL.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I. PAGE Preliminary Remarks. Present Populations of the British Isles. Romans, &c. Pre historic Period. The Irish Elk. How far Contemporaneous with Man. Stone Period. Modes of Sepulture. The Physical Condition of the Soil. Its Fauna. Skulls of the Stone Period. The Bronze Period. Gold Ornaments. Alloys and Castings. How far Native or Foreign. Effect of the Introduction of Metals. Dwellings. 1

CHAPTER II.

Authorities for the Earliest Historical Period. Herodotus. Aristotle. Polybius. Onomacritus. Diodorus Siculus. Strabo. Festus Avienus. Ultimate sources. Damnonii. Ph[oe]nician Trade. The Orgies. South Eastern Britons of Cæsar. The Details of his Attacks. The Caledonians of Galgacus. 38

CHAPTER III.

Origin of the Britons. Kelts of Gaul. The Belgæ. Whether Keltic or German. Evidence of Cæsar. Attrebates, Belgæ, Remi, Durotriges and Morini, Chauci and Menapii. 58

CHAPTER IV.

The Picts. List of Kings. Penn Fahel. Aber and Inver. The Picts probably, but not certainly, Britons. 76

CHAPTER V.

Origin of the Gaels. Difficulties of its Investigation. Not Elucidated by any Records, nor yet by Traditions. Arguments from the Difference between the British and Gaelic Languages. The British Language spoken in Gaul. The Gaelic not known to be spoken in any part of the Continent. Lhuyd's Doctrine. The Hibernian Hypothesis. The Caledonian Hypothesis. Postulates. 83

CHAPTER VI.

Roman Influences. Agricola. The Walls and Ramparts of Adrian, Antoninus, and Severus. Bonosus. Carausius. The Constantian Family. Franks and Alemanni in Britain. Foreign Elements in the Roman Legions. 90

CHAPTER VII.

Value of the Early British Records. True and Genuine Traditions Rare. Gildas. Beda. Nennius. Annales Cambrenses. Difference between Chronicles and Registers. Anglo Saxon Chronicle. Irish Annals. Value of the Accounts of the Fifth and Sixth Centuries. Questions to which they apply. 104

CHAPTER VIII.

The Angles of Germany: their comparative obscurity. Notice of Tacitus. Extract from Ptolemy. Conditions of the Angle Area. The Varini. The Reudigni and other Populations of Tacitus. The Sabalingii, &c., of Ptolemy. The Suevi Angili. Engle and Ongle. Original Angle Area. 142

CHAPTER IX.

The Saxons of Upper Saxony of Lower, or Old Saxony... Continue reading book >>




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