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Exeter   By: (1872-)

Book cover

First Page:

[Illustration: EXETER FROM THE CANAL]

EXETER

Described by Sidney Heath

Pictured by E. W. Haslehust

[Illustration]

BLACKIE AND SON LIMITED LONDON, GLASGOW AND BOMBAY 1912

Beautiful England

Volumes Ready

OXFORD THE ENGLISH LAKES CANTERBURY SHAKESPEARE LAND THE THAMES WINDSOR CASTLE CAMBRIDGE NORWICH AND THE BROADS THE HEART OF WESSEX THE PEAK DISTRICT THE CORNISH RIVIERA DICKENS LAND WINCHESTER THE ISLE OF WIGHT CHESTER YORK THE NEW FOREST HAMPTON COURT EXETER

Uniform with this Series

Beautiful Ireland

LEINSTER ULSTER MUNSTER CONNAUGHT

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Page

Exeter from the Canal Frontispiece

The Quay 8

Guildhall Porch 14

Mol's Coffee House 20

Rougemont Castle 26

St. Mary Steps 32

The Cathedral from the Palace Grounds 38

The Sanctuary, Exeter Cathedral 42

Old Courtyard in the Close 46

The Abbot's Lodge 50

The Exe at Topsham 54

Countess Weir 58

Plan of Exeter Cathedral 4

[Illustration: Plan of Exeter Cathedral

A. Lady Chapel. B. Choir. C. Screen. D. North Transept. E. South Transept. F. Chapter House. G. Nave. H. North Porch. I. Bishop's Throne.]

[Illustration: EXETER]

THE CITY

Just as the five cities of Colchester, Lincoln, York, Gloucester, and St. Albans, stand on the sites and in some fragmentary measure bear the names of five Roman municipalities, so Isca Dumnoniorum, now Exeter, appears to have been a cantonal capital developed out of one of the great market centres of the Celtic tribes, and as such it was the most westerly of the larger Romano British towns. The legendary history of the place, both temporal and ecclesiastical, goes far back to the days when, for a late posterity, it is difficult to separate fact from fable. It is, however, quite established that here was the capital of the Dumnonii, the British tribe whose dominions included both Devonshire and Cornwall, and who named their capital Caer uisc , the city of the waters.

With the coming of the Saxons, the river, the Roman Isca, became the Exa, and the city was called Exanceaster, modified in due course to Exeter.

In point of position, on a mound rising from the river, it was a splendid site for a fortress in the days of hand to hand warfare, and the military value of the site lends support to the statement of some writers that the Romans utilized the British fortifications and built a castle. In few places of its size can one see so clearly the extent of the old walled town, while the disposition and formation of its outer ring of houses, on the lower slopes of the mound, show very clearly the limits of the mural circumvallation before the city burst asunder its tight fitting belt of stone, within which, for the safety of its populace, it had been imprisoned for centuries.

Climb the higher parts for a bird's eye view of the city, and the scene is entrancing. We look down upon the calm flowing Exe threading its way through the valley till it debouches at Exmouth; on the riverside beneath us is the quay, with coasting schooners and barges moored alongside, and sundry bales of merchandise heaped upon the wharf, as though the people were playing at commerce to remind the world at large that Exeter was once an important port, although some ten miles from the river's mouth... Continue reading book >>




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