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The Facts of Reconstruction

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By: (1847-1939)

After the American Civil War, John R. Lynch, who had been a slave in Mississippi, began his political career in 1869 by first becoming Justice of the Peace, and then Mississippi State Representative. He was only 26 when he was elected to the US Congress in 1873. There, he continued to be an activist, introducing many bills and arguing on their behalf. Perhaps his greatest effort was in the long debate supporting the Civil Rights Act of 1875 to ban discrimination in public accommodations.

In 1884 Lynch was the first African American nominated after a moving speech by Theodore Roosevelt to the position of Temporary Chairman of the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois. During the Spanish-American War of 1898, he was appointed Treasury Auditor and then Paymaster under the Republicans. In 1901, he began serving with the Regular Army with tours of duty in the United States, Cuba, and the Philippines.

Lynch retired from the Army in 1911, then married Cora Williams. They moved to Chicago, where he practiced law. He also became involved in real estate. After his death in Chicago 1939 at the age of 92, he was buried with military honors in Arlington National Cemetery. He was entitled to this as a Congressman and veteran.

After the turn of the centutry, Lynch wrote a book, The Facts of Reconstruction, and several articles criticizing the then-dominant Dunning School historiography. Dunning and followers had emphasized the views of former slave owners and routinely downplayed any positive contributions of African Americans during Reconstruction, as well as suggesting they could not manage any political power. Lynch argued that blacks had made substantial contributions during the period. Since he participated directly in Reconstruction-era governments, Lynch's book is considered a primary source in study of the period. (Introduction by Guero and Wikipedia.)

First Page:

THE FACTS OF RECONSTRUCTION

John R. Lynch

Copyright, 1913, by The Neale Publishing Company

[Illustration: John R. Lynch]

CONTENTS

PREFACE

CHAPTER

I THE PART PLAYED BY MISSISSIPPI IN THE EARLY DAYS OF RECONSTRUCTION

II REORGANIZATION OF THE STATE DEPARTMENTS DURING GOVERNOR ALCORN'S ADMINISTRATION

III THE REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION OF 1869

IV IMPORTANT EDUCATIONAL AND POLITICAL MEASURES OF THE NEW LEGISLATURE

V THE CONTEST FOR SPEAKER OF THE MISSISSIPPI HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

VI FUSION OF DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS IN THE STATE ELECTION OF 1873. REPUBLICAN VICTORY

VII MISSISSIPPI SENDS B.K. BRUCE TO THE UNITED STATES SENATE

VIII IMPROVED FINANCIAL CONDITION OF MISSISSIPPI UNDER THE AMES ADMINISTRATION

IX WHAT CONSTITUTES "NEGRO DOMINATION"

X OVERTHROW OF THE REPUBLICAN STATE GOVERNMENT IN MISSISSIPPI

XI RISE OF DEMOCRATIC RADICALISM IN THE SOUTH

XII EVENTFUL DAYS OF THE FORTY THIRD CONGRESS

XIII STATE CAMPAIGN OF 1875. REPUBLICAN VICTORY

XIV INTERVIEW BETWEEN THE AUTHOR AND THE PRESIDENT REGARDING STATE APPOINTMENTS

XV THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1876 AND ITS RESULTS

XVI EFFECTS OF THE REFORM ADMINISTRATION IN MISSISSIPPI

XVII THE HAYES TILDEN CONTEST... Continue reading book >>


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