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The Falls of Niagara and Other Famous Cataracts   By:

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NIAGARA.

[Illustration: NIAGARA FALLS FROM THE CANADIAN SIDE FRONTISPIECE.]

THE FALLS OF NIAGARA

AND OTHER FAMOUS CATARACTS .

BY

GEORGE W. HOLLEY.

With Thirty Illustrations.

London: HODDER AND STOUGHTON, 27, PATERNOSTER ROW.

MDCCCLXXXII.

Hazell, Watson, and Viney, Printers, London and Aylesbury.

CONTENTS.

PAGE PREFACE xiii

PART I. HISTORY.

CHAPTER I.

First French expedition Jacques Cartier He first hears of the great Cataract Champlain Route to China La Salle Father Hennepin's first and second visits to the Falls 1

CHAPTER II.

Baron La Hontan's description of the Falls M. Charlevoix's letter to Madame Maintenon Number of the Falls Geological indications Great projection of the rock in Father Hennepin's time Cave of the Winds Rainbows 9

CHAPTER III.

The name Niagara The musical dialect of the Hurons Niagara one of the oldest of Indian names Description of the River, the Falls, and the surrounding country 15

CHAPTER IV.

Niagara a tribal name Other names given to the tribe The Niagaras a superior race The true pronunciation of Indian words 19

CHAPTER V.

The lower Niagara Fort Niagara Fort Mississauga Niagara village Lewiston Portage around the Falls The first railroad in the United States Fort Schlosser The ambuscade at Devil's Hole La Salle's vessel, the Griffin The Niagara frontier 25

PART II. GEOLOGY.

CHAPTER VI.

America the old world Geologically recent origin of the Falls Evidence thereof Captain Williams's surveys for a ship canal Former extent of Lake Michigan Its outlet into the Illinois River The Niagara Barrier How broken through The birth of Niagara 32

CHAPTER VII.

Composition of the terrace cut through Why retrocession is possible Three sections from Lewiston to the Falls Devil's Hole The Medina group Recession long checked The Whirlpool The narrowest part of the river The mirror Depth of the water in the Chasm Former grand Fall 42

CHAPTER VIII.

Recession above the present position of the Falls The Falls will be higher as they recede Reason Why Professor Tyndall's prediction Present and former accumulations of rock Terrific power of the elements Ice and ice bridges Remarkable geognosy of the lake region 50

PART III.

LOCAL HISTORY AND INCIDENTS.

CHAPTER IX.

Forty years since Niagara in winter Frozen spray Ice foliage and ice apples Ice moss Frozen fog Ice islands Ice statues Sleigh riding on the American Rapids Boys coasting on them Ice gorges 62

CHAPTER X.

Judge Porter General Porter Goat Island Origin of its name Early dates found cut in the bark of trees and in the rock Professor Kalm's wonderful story Bridges to the Island Method of construction Red Jacket Anecdotes Grand Island Major Noah and the New Jerusalem The Stone Tower The Biddle stairs Sam Patch Depth of water on the Horseshoe Ships sent over the Falls 71

CHAPTER XI.

Joel R. Robinson, the first and last navigator of the Rapids Rescue of Chapin Rescue of Allen He takes the Maid of the Mist through the Whirlpool His companions Effect upon Robinson Biographical notice His grave unmarked 85

CHAPTER XII.

A fisherman and a bear in a canoe Frightful experience with floating ice Early farming on the Niagara Fruit growing The original forest Testimony of the trees The first hotel General Whitney Cataract House Distinguished visitors Carriage road down the Canadian bank Ontario House Clifton House The Museum Table and Termination Rocks Burning Spring Lundy's Lane Battle Anecdotes 96

CHAPTER XIII... Continue reading book >>




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