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Famous Men of the Middle Ages   By:

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FAMOUS MEN OF THE MIDDLE AGES

By

John H. Haaren, LL.D.

District Superintendent of Schools

The City of New York

and

A. B. Poland, Ph.D.

Superintendent of Schools

Newark N. J.

PREFACE

The study of history, like the study of a landscape, should begin with the most conspicuous features. Not until these have been fixed in memory will the lesser features fall into their appropriate places and assume their right proportions.

The famous men of ancient and modern times are the mountain peaks of history. It is logical then that the study of history should begin with the biographies of these men.

Not only is it logical; it is also pedagogical. Experience has proven that in order to attract and hold the child's attention each conspicuous feature of history presented to him should have an individual for its center. The child identifies himself with the personage presented. It is not Romulus or Hercules or C├Žsar or Alexander that the child has in mind when he reads, but himself, acting under similar conditions.

Prominent educators, appreciating these truths, have long recognized the value of biography as a preparation for the study of history and have given it an important place in their scheme of studies.

The former practice in many elementary schools of beginning the detailed study of American history without any previous knowledge of general history limited the pupil's range of vision, restricted his sympathies, and left him without material for comparisons. Moreover, it denied to him a knowledge of his inheritance from the Greek philosopher, the Roman lawgiver, the Teutonic lover of freedom. Hence the recommendation so strongly urged in the report of the Committee of Ten and emphasized, also, in the report of the Committee of Fifteen that the study of Greek, Roman and modern European history in the form of biography should precede the study of detailed American history in our elementary schools. The Committee of Ten recommends an eight years' course in history, beginning with the fifth year in school and continuing to the end of the high school course. The first two years of this course are given wholly to the study of biography and mythology. The Committee of fifteen recommends that history be taught in all the grades of the elementary school and emphasizes the value of biography and of general history.

The series of historical stories to which this volume belongs was prepared in conformity with the foregoing recommendations and with the best practice of leading schools. It has been the aim of the authors to make an interesting story of each man's life and to tell these stories in a style so simple that pupils in the lower grades will read them with pleasure, and so dignified that they may be used with profit as text books for reading.

Teachers who find it impracticable to give to the study of mythology and biography a place of its own in an already overcrowded curriculum usually prefer to correlate history with reading and for this purpose the volumes of this series will be found most desirable.

The value of the illustrations can scarcely be over estimated. They will be found to surpass in number and excellence anything heretofore offered in a school book. For the most part they are reproductions of world famous pictures, and for that reason the artists' names are generally affixed.

CONTENTS

Introduction THE GODS OF THE TEUTONS THE NIBELUNGS

Chapter I ALARIC THE VISIGOTH (394 410 A.D.) II ATTILA THE HUN (433 453 A.D.) III GENSERIC THE VANDAL (427 477 A.D.) IV THEODORIC THE OSTROGOTH (475 526 A.D.) V CLOVIS (481 511 A.D.) VI JUSTINIAN (527 565 A.D.) VII MOHAMMED (570 632 A.D.) VIII CHARLES MARTEL AND PEPIN (714 768 A.D.) IX CHARLEMAGNE (768 809 A.D.) X HARUN AL RASCHID (786 809 A.D.) XI EGBERT THE SAXON (802 837 A.D.) XII ROLLO THE VIKING (Died 931 A.D.) XIII ALFRED THE GREAT (871 901 A.D.) XIV HENRY THE FOWLER (919 936 A.D.) XV CANUTE THE GREAT (1014 1035) XVI THE CID (1040 1099) XVII EDWARD THE CONFESSOR (1042 1066) XVIII WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR (1066 1087) XIX PETER THE HERMIT (1050 1115) XX FREDERICK BARBAROSSA (1152 1190) XXI HENRY THE SECOND AND HIS SONS (1154 1216) XXII LOUIS IX (1226 1270) XXIII ROBERT BRUCE (1306 1329) XXIV MARCO POLO (1254 1324) XXV EDWARD THE BLACK PRINCE (1330 1376) XXVI WILLIAM TELL AND ARNOLD VON WINKELRIED (1300 1386) XXVII TAMERLANE (1333 1405) XXVIII HENRY V (1413 1422) XXIX JOAN OF ARC (1412 1431) XXX GUTENBERG (1400 1468) XXXI WARWICK THE KING MAKER (1428 1471)

INTRODUCTION

THE GODS OF THE TEUTONS

In the little volume called The Famous Men of Rome you have read about the great empire which the Romans established... Continue reading book >>




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