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Farm Gardening with Hints on Cheap Manuring Quick Cash Crops and How to Grow Them   By:

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FARM GARDENING WITH HINTS ON CHEAP MANURING

Quick Cash Crops and How to Grow Them

Compiled and Published, 1898 by JOHNSON & STOKES, Seed Growers and Merchants 217 and 219 Market St., Philadelphia, Pa.

Copyright, 1898, by Johnson & Stokes

[Illustration: Hilling Celery, as practised by Philadelphia Market Gardeners.]

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I. PAGE. Making the Soil Rich 9

CHAPTER II. Choice of Location 24

CHAPTER III. Vegetables Suited to Farm Culture Everywhere 27

CHAPTER IV. Vegetables Suited to Farm Culture in Some Locations 75

CHAPTER V. Sashes and Bedding Plants 119

CHAPTER VI. The Strawberry 121

PREFACE.

Farmers in the thickly populated Eastern and Middle States, or, in fact, east of the Mississippi River, cannot grow grains nor fatten beeves with the same profit as before the opening of the great West. Dairying still returns fair profits, but there is a widespread demand for cash crops adapted to farm culture, especially where railroads furnish quick access to towns and cities.

In response to this demand, we beg to offer a short list of farm vegetables that can be grown with greater profit than grain, with hints about growing them.

There is no real line dividing the vegetables of the market garden from those of the farm garden, but it may be assumed in a somewhat arbitrary way that those which do not yield at the gross rate of $250 per acre per year will not pay for the intense culture of high priced land, although they will pay handsome profits in broad acred operations under horse culture.

Before offering a list of money crops to farmers we shall have a word to say in the following pages about economic manuring. Larger cash receipts and smaller cash expenditures will result in better bank balances.

JOHNSON & STOKES.

PHILADELPHIA, January 1, 1898.

CHAPTER I.

MAKING THE SOIL RICH.

Everybody understands that the soil becomes impoverished by continued cropping, if no return be made in the form of manure or fertilizer. This impoverishment is sometimes real, while sometimes it is more apparent than real, owing to the exhaustion of only one or two elements of fertility.

Farmers have learned a great deal about agricultural chemistry since the introduction of artificial fertilizers. They know that while plants demand many things for their growth, there are but three elements which are in danger of being exhausted in ordinary cropping. These three things are nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash.

=Lime.= Lime is used on the land not for its direct results as a fertilizer, but because it has the ability to break up combinations already existing in the soil and set free the plant food that previously was in an insoluble form. Lime sometimes produces almost marvelous results; at other times no visible effects whatever. Hence, it is not a fertilizer, though in actual practice it is sometimes a fertilizing agent of great value. Land that has been much manured or long in sod is likely to be benefited by lime.

Artificial manures, on the other hand, furnish real plant food in soluble form, and may be expected to produce crops invariably, year after year, if the soil be sufficiently moist. When a fertilizer contains nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash it is said to be complete. When any element is missing the fertilizer is said to be incomplete. Ground bone, wood ashes, South Carolina rock, kainit, etc., are examples of incomplete fertilizers.

=Barnyard Manure.= Barnyard manure is the best of all known fertilizers. Not only is it complete in character, but it has the highly valuable property of bulk. It is rich in humus or humus forming materials. It opens and ventilates the soil, and improves its mechanical condition to a remarkable degree... Continue reading book >>




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