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First Lessons in Geography   By:

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NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICAL SERIES. NO. 1.

FIRST LESSONS IN GEOGRAPHY;

Or, Introduction to "Youth's Manual of Geography."

By JAMES MONTEITH

1856

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICAL SERIES.

No. 1. MONTEITH'S FIRST LESSONS IN GEOGRAPHY, for Beginners.

No. 2. MONTEITH'S YOUTH'S MANUAL OF GEOGRAPHY, for Junior and Intermediate Classes.

No. 3. McNALLY'S SYSTEM OF GEOGRAPHY, for Advanced Classes in Schools, Academies, and Seminaries.

The above Books, which are written by Practical Teachers, constitute the most complete GEOGRAPHICAL SCHOOL SERIES extant; and they are so adapted to each other, that the learner advances from one to the other with satisfaction and success.

A.S. BARNES & CO.

PREFACE

It is evident, that to secure a complete system of teaching Geography in our Schools, there should be at least three grades of Text books; namely, INTRODUCTORY, INTERMEDIATE, and ADVANCED. As the necessity for a Geography more introductory in its character than those now in use has been long felt, the Author would respectfully solicit the notice of his fellow teachers to this little work.

Its plan is such, that the subject is presented in the most simple form.

It treats of GENERAL FEATURES, such as the locality and description of Continents, Countries, States, Rivers, Mountains, &c., without dwelling prematurely upon the minute details that embarrass the learner in his first effort.

The EXERCISES are arranged in Question and Answer.

The MAPS are free from all meridians, parallels of latitude, and any superabundance of names; thereby giving a greater prominence to the general divisions of land and water.

CONTENTS.

DEFINITIONS.

MAP OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE.

MAP OF THE EASTERN HEMISPHERE.

MAP OF NORTH AMERICA.

MAP OF THE UNITED STATES.

MAP OF THE EASTERN STATES.

MAP OF THE MIDDLE STATES.

MAP OF THE SOUTHERN STATES.

MAP OF THE WESTERN STATES.

MAP OF SOUTH AMERICA.

MAP OF EUROPE.

MAP OF ASIA.

MAP OF AFRICA.

[Illustration: Excelsior.]

HISTORY OF NORTH AMERICA.

HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

HISTORY OF THE EASTERN STATES.

HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE STATES.

HISTORY OF THE SOUTHERN STATES.

HISTORY OF THE WESTERN STATES.

HISTORY OF SOUTH AMERICA.

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

HISTORY OF ASIA.

HISTORY OF AFRICA.

FIRST LESSONS IN GEOGRAPHY.

[Illustration: Going to School.]

LESSON I.

Q. What is Geography?

A. A description of the Earth's surface.

Q. What is the Earth?

A. The planet or body on which we live.

Q. What is the shape of the Earth?

A. Round, like a ball.

Q. Of what is the Earth composed?

A. Land and Water.

LESSON II.

Q. What is a Continent?

A. The largest division of the land.

Q. How many Continents are there?

A. Two; the Eastern and the Western.

Q. On which Continent do we live?

A. On the Western Continent.

Q. What are the divisions of the Western Continent?

A. North America and South America.

[Illustration: Map of the World.]

Q. What are the divisions of the Eastern Continent?

A. Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Q. What is an Ocean?

A. The largest division of the water.

Q. How many Oceans are there?

A. Five; Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern or Antarctic, Northern or Arctic.

LESSON III.

Q. Which is the largest Ocean?

A. The Pacific Ocean.

Q. What is an Island?

A. A portion of land entirely surrounded by water.

Q. What is a Peninsula?

A. A portion of land almost surrounded by water.

[Illustration: The Earth.]

Q. What is a Lake?

A. A body of water almost surrounded by land.

Q. What is an Isthmus?

A. A neck joining two larger portions of land.

Q. What is a Strait?

A. A passage connecting two larger bodies of water.

LESSON IV.

Q. What is a Cape?

A. A point of land extending into the water.

Q. What is a Mountain?

A. A vast elevation of land.

Q. What is a Hill?

A. A small elevation of land.

[Illustration: Studying Geography.]

Q. What is a Volcano?

A. A mountain which sends out fire, smoke, and lava.

Q... Continue reading book >>




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