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Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas   By:

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==================================================================== UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Volume 11, No. 6, pp. 345 400, 2 plates, 2 figs. in text, 10 tables May 6, 1959

Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas

BY

ARTIE L. METCALF

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LAWRENCE 1959

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS, MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Editors: E. Raymond Hall, Chairman, Henry S. Fitch, Robert W. Wilson

Volume 11, No. 6, pp. 345 400, 2 plates, 2 figs. in text, 10 tables Published May 6, 1959

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas

A CONTRIBUTION FROM THE STATE BIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF KANSAS

PRINTED IN THE STATE PRINTING PLANT TOPEKA, KANSAS 1959

27 7079

Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas

BY ARTIE L. METCALF

CONTENTS

PAGE Introduction 347 Physical characteristics of the streams 351 Climate 351 Present flora 353 History 354 Conservation 357 Previous ichthyological collections 357 Acknowledgments 358 Materials and methods 358 Collecting stations 359 Annotated list of species 362 Fishes of doubtful or possible occurrence 383 Faunal comparisons of different streams 384 Distributional variations within the same stream 387 Faunas of intermittent streams 390 East west distribution 392 Summary 394 Literature cited 397

INTRODUCTION

Aims of the distributional study here reported on concerning the fishes of a part of the Arkansas River Basin of south central Kansas were as follows:

(1) Ascertain what species occur in streams of the three counties.

(2) Ascertain habitat preferences for the species found.

(3) Distinguish faunal associations existing in different parts of the same stream.

(4) Describe differences and similarities among the fish faunas of the several streams in the area.

(5) Relate the findings to the over all picture of east west distribution of fishes in Kansas.

(6) List any demonstrable effects of intermittency of streams on fish distribution within the area.

Cowley and Chautauqua counties form part of the southern border of Kansas, and Elk County lies directly north of Chautauqua. The following report concerns data only from those three counties unless otherwise noted. They make up an area of 2,430 square miles having a population of 50,960 persons in 1950 (55,552 in 1940, and 60,375 in 1930). The most populous portion of the area is western Cowley County where Arkansas City with 12,903 inhabitants and Winfield with 10,264 inhabitants are located. Each of the other towns has less than 2,000 inhabitants. In the Flint Hills, which cross the central portion of the area surveyed, population is sparse and chiefly in the valleys... Continue reading book >>




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