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Forty-Six Years in the Army   By: (1831-1906)

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First Page:

Transcriber's note:

Footnotes are at the end of the chapter.

Right hand page heads are set right justified before the appropriate paragraphs.

Small caps have been transcribed as upper and lower case, except the page heads.

The dieresis is transcribed by a preceding hyphen.

Non standard spellings: partizan, despatch, Kenesaw, skilful, practised, intrenchments, brevetted, reconnoissance, Chili, envelop.

LoC call number: E467.1.S35 A2

Submitted May 11th, 2007

FORTY SIX YEARS IN THE ARMY

[Frontispiece] FROM A PHOTOGRAPH BY FALK. [Facsimile Signature] J.M.Schofield

THIS VOLUME IS DEDICATED TO THE YOUNG CITIZENS WHOSE PATRIOTISM, VALOR AND MILITARY SKILL MUST BE THE SAFEGUARD OF THE INTERESTS, THE HONOR AND THE GLORY OF THE AMERICAN UNION

FORTY SIX YEARS IN THE ARMY

BY LIEUTENANT GENERAL JOHN M. SCHOFIELD

NEW YORK THE CENTURY CO. 1897

Copyright, 1897 by The Century Co.

The De Vinne Press.

PREFACE

Most of the chapters constituting the contents of this volume, were written, from time to time, as soon as practicable after the events referred to, or after the publication of historical writings which seemed to me to require comment from the point of view of my personal knowledge. They were written entirely without reserve, and with the sole purpose of telling exactly what I thought and believed, not with any purpose of publication in my lifetime, but as my contribution to the materials which may be useful to the impartial historian of some future generation. These writings had been put away for safe keeping with "instructions for the guidance of my executors," in which I said:

"All the papers must be carefully revised, errors corrected if any are found, unimportant matter eliminated, and everything omitted which may seem, to a cool and impartial judge, to be unjust or unnecessarily harsh or severe toward the memory of any individual. I have aimed to be just, and not unkind. If I have failed in any case, it is my wish that my mistakes may be corrected, as far as possible. I have not attempted to write history, but simply to make a record of events personally known to me, and of my opinion upon such acts of others, and upon such important subjects, as have come under my special notice. It is my contribution to the materials from which the future historian must draw for his data for a truthful history of our time."

Now, in the winter of 1896 97, I have endeavored to discharge, as far as I am able, the duty which I had imposed on my executors, and have decided to publish what I had written in past years, with corrections and comments, while many of the actors in the great drama of the Civil War are still living and can assist in correcting any errors into which I may have fallen.

After my chapters relating to the campaign of 1864 in Tennessee were in type, the monograph by General J. D. Cox, entitled "Franklin," was issued from the press of Charles Scribner's Sons. His work and mine are the results of independent analysis of the records, made without consultation with each other.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I. Parentage and Early Life Appointment to West Point Virginian Room Mates Acquaintance with General Winfield Scott Character of the West Point Training Importance of Learning how to Obey A trip to New York on a Wager The West Point Bible class Dismissed from the Academy Without Trial Intercession of Stephen A. Douglas Restoration to Cadet Duty James B. McPherson John B. Hood Robert E. Lee.

Chapter II. On Graduating Leave Brevet Second Lieutenant in the 2d Artillery at Fort Moultrie An Officer's Credit Before the War Second Lieutenant in the 1st Artillery Journey to Fort Capron, Florida A Reservation as to Whisky A Trip to Charleston and a Troublesome Money Bag An "Affair of Honor" A Few Law books An Extemporized "Map and Itinerary" Yellow Fever At A. P. Hill's Home in Virginia Assigned to Duty in the Department of Philosophy at West Point Interest in Astronomy Marriage A Hint from Jefferson Davis Leave of Absence Professor of Physics in Washington University... Continue reading book >>




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