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The Future of the Colored Race in America Being an article in the Presbyterian quarterly review of July, 1862   By: (1824-1909)

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In "The Future of the Colored Race in America: Being an article in the Presbyterian quarterly review of July, 1862," William Aikman presents a thought-provoking analysis of racial dynamics in America during a significant period in history. This article delves into the complexities of race and ponders the potential outcomes for the African American community in a country grappling with the abolition of slavery.

Aikman begins by offering a historical overview, highlighting the oppressive conditions that slaves endured throughout American history. Furthermore, he emphasizes the far-reaching consequences of slavery, not only on the individuals held in bondage but also on the broader society. The author's insightful examination of the detrimental effects of slavery on both races forms a crucial backdrop for exploring the future trajectory of the African Americans.

One of the most striking aspects of Aikman's article is his balanced approach to the subject matter. He carefully considers the potential strategies for African Americans as they navigate the treacherous waters of a society transforming from slavery to emancipation. Aikman presents various arguments and options, demonstrating both the pitfalls and opportunities that lay ahead for the colored race.

Moreover, Aikman raises thought-provoking questions about the responsibilities of the white population towards African Americans. He acknowledges the need for reparations and a fair redistribution of resources, as well as the importance of education and empowerment. This displays the author's progressive mindset, advocating for a more equitable society that moves beyond the abolition of slavery.

In terms of writing style, Aikman's prose is eloquent and precise, befitting the scholarly nature of the article. While some readers may find the language slightly dated, it remains accessible and engaging, allowing for a nuanced understanding of the topic.

However, it is important to note that this article was written in 1862. Consequently, some of Aikman's perspectives may not align with contemporary viewpoints. Readers should approach this work with a historical lens, recognizing the progress that has been made since its publication.

"The Future of the Colored Race in America" serves as a valuable contribution to the understanding of race relations and the potential outcomes for African Americans at a critical moment in American history. Aikman's well-reasoned arguments and deep reflection on the subject matter make this article a significant and enlightening read for anyone interested in the complexities of race and American society during the Civil War era.

First Page:


BY WILLIAM AIKMAN, Pastor of the Hanover Street Presbyterian Church, Wilmington, Delaware.

In whatever way the present civil war in America shall result, it is certain that the future condition of the colored race in this country will be the question over mastering all others for many years to come. It has already pushed itself into the foremost place. However it may be true, that slavery and the negro were not the proximate causes of this war, no one who gives any candid thought to the matter can fail to recognize the fact, that back of all, this stands as the grand first occasion of it. Had there been no slavery, there would have been no war. General Jackson was only partly right when he said, that while in his day the tariff was made the pretext of secession, and that by and by slavery would take its place, but that neither would be the true motive of disunion; that a desire for a separate confederacy was the final cause. This was evidently correct, yet had slavery not stood in this country there would not have come into being that peculiar state of society which now lives in the Southern States, and which demands for its very existence that it should rule alone. Slavery has created an aristocracy, not of numbers, but of wealth and power, which bears with all the social forces... Continue reading book >>

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