Books Should Be Free is now
Loyal Books
Free Public Domain Audiobooks & eBook Downloads
Search by: Title, Author or Keyword

Geographic Range of the Hooded Skunk, Mephitis macroura With Description of a New Subspecies from Mexico   By: (1902-1986)

Book cover

First Page:

Geographic Range of the Hooded Skunk, Mephitis macroura, with Description of a New Subspecies from Mexico

BY

E. RAYMOND HALL and WALTER W. DALQUEST

University of Kansas Publications Museum of Natural History

Volume 1, No. 24, pp. 575 580, 1 figure in text January 20, 1950

University of Kansas LAWRENCE 1950

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS, MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Editors: E. Raymond Hall, Chairman, Edward H. Taylor, A. Byron Leonard, Robert W. Wilson

Volume 1, No. 24, pp. 575 580, 1 figure in text January 20, 1950

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas

PRINTED BY FERD VOILAND, JR., STATE PRINTER TOPEKA, KANSAS 1950

23 1544

Geographic Range of the Hooded Skunk, Mephitis macroura, with Description of a New Subspecies from Mexico

By

E. RAYMOND HALL AND WALTER W. DALQUEST

The hooded skunk, Mephitis macroura Lichtenstein, can be distinguished from the only other species in the genus, Mephitis mephitis Schreber, by the larger tympanic bullae, in the white backed color phase by having some black hairs mixed with the white hairs of the back, and in the black backed phase by having the two white stripes widely separated and on the sides of the animal instead of narrowly separated and on the back of the animal. The starting point for taxonomic work with Mephitis is A. H. Howell's "Revision of the skunks of the genus Chincha (N. Amer. Fauna, 20, 1901)." Of the species Mephitis macroura , Howell ( op. cit. ) recognized three subspecies: M. m. macroura , M. m. milleri , and M. m. vittata .

The species M. macroura is restricted to the arid region made up mostly of the Mexican Plateau. Also, wherever the species occurs beyond this Plateau, as for example in Guatemala, at San Mateo del Mar in Oaxaca, in the vicinity of Piedras Negras in Veracruz, and in southern Arizona, aridity is marked. Whether the species has a continuous distribution from the southern end of the Mexican tableland southward to DueƱas in Guatemala is not known but it is unlikely that the lowland population at San Mateo del Mar on the Pacific slope of Oaxaca has contact with M. m. macroura of the Mexican Plateau and it is almost certain that the population, which is here named M. m. eximius , from the arid coastal plain of eastern Mexico in Veracruz, has no connection with the upland population, M. m. macroura . The lowest elevation on the eastern slope of the Plateau from which we have record of the occurrence of this species is 4,500 feet at Jico. All along the eastern slope of the Plateau, between the elevations of approximately 2,000 and 4,500 feet, the belt of lush, dense vegetation of the upper humid division of the Tropical Life zone constitutes a barrier to Mephitis and tends to exclude the hooded skunk from the arid territory below the humid belt. Another kind of skunk, Conepatus tropicalis , lives in the humid belt, at least on the eastern side of the Mexican tableland. How the population of Mephitis , which was sampled by us from west and west northwest of Piedras Negras, arrived there is unknown but we think that its geographic range is not now connected with that of the population on the Plateau. The same can be said of the lowland population at San Mateo del Mar in Oaxaca. There, on the Pacific slope of the Mexican tableland, the lower humid division of the Tropical Life zone probably has tended to restrict the spread southward and westward of Mephitis ; however, on this Pacific slope the humid belt is less humid and it is less continuous, we think, than on the Atlantic slope... Continue reading book >>




eBook Downloads
ePUB eBook
• iBooks for iPhone and iPad
• Nook
• Sony Reader
Kindle eBook
• Mobi file format for Kindle
Read eBook
• Load eBook in browser
Text File eBook
• Computers
• Windows
• Mac

Review this book



Popular Genres
More Genres
Languages
Paid Books