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The Ground Plan of the English Parish Church   By: (1873-1952)

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Transcriber's note

Minor punctuation errors have been corrected without notice. An obvious printer error has been corrected, and it is listed at the end. All other inconsistencies are as in the original. The author's spelling has been maintained.

The Cambridge Manuals of Science and Literature

THE GROUND PLAN OF THE ENGLISH PARISH CHURCH

LONDON: FETTER LANE, E.C.

C. F. CLAY, MANAGER

EDINBURGH: 100, PRINCES STREET

BERLIN: A. ASHER AND CO.

LEIPZIG: F. A. BROCKHAUS

NEW YORK: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

BOMBAY AND CALCUTTA: MACMILLAN AND CO., LTD.

All rights reserved

[Illustration: Hedon, Yorkshire: nave from N.W.]

[Illustration]

THE GROUND PLAN OF THE ENGLISH PARISH CHURCH

BY

A. HAMILTON THOMPSON M.A., F.S.A.

Cambridge: at the University Press 1911

CAMBRIDGE:

PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY, M.A. AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS

With the exception of the coat of arms at the foot, the design on the title page is a reproduction of one used by the earliest known Cambridge printer, John Siberch, 1521 .

PREFACE

There is as yet no book entirely devoted to the development of the plan of the parish church in England, and the body of literature which bears upon the subject is not very accessible to the ordinary student. The present volume is an attempt to indicate the main lines on which that development proceeded. It is obvious that, from necessary considerations of space, much has been omitted. The elevation of the building, and the treatment of its decorative features, window tracery, sculpture, etc., belong to another and wider branch of architectural study, in which the parish church pursues the same line of structural development as the cathedral or monastic church, and the architectural forms of the timber roofed building follow the example set by the larger churches with their roofs of stone. To this side of the question much attention has been devoted, and of late years increasing emphasis has been laid on the importance of the vaulted construction of our greater churches, which is the very foundation of medieval architecture and the secret of its progress through its various "styles." It is expected that the reader of this book, in which a less familiar but none the less important topic is handled, will already have some acquaintance with the general progress of medieval architectural forms, with which the development of the ground plan keeps pace.

Some historical and architectural questions, which arise out of the consideration of the ground plan, and have an important bearing upon it, are treated in another volume of this series, which is intended to be complementary to the present one.

The writer is grateful to his wife, for the plans and sketches which she has drawn for him, and for much help: to Mr C. C. Hodges and Mr J. P. Gibson, for the permission to make use of their photographs; and to the Rev. J. C. Cox, LL.D., F.S.A., and the Rev. R. M. Serjeantson, M.A., F.S.A., for their kindness in reading through the proofs and supplying suggestions of the greatest value.

A. H. T.

GRETTON, NORTHANTS

26 January 1911

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

THE ORIGIN OF THE CHURCH PLAN IN ENGLAND

SECTION PAGE

1. The basilican church plan 1

2. Problem of its derivation 2

3. Rival theories of its origin 3

4. The Roman basilica: old St Peter's 6

5. Basilicas at Ravenna 8

6. Tomb churches and baptisteries 9

7. Centralised plans at Ravenna 10

8. Relative advantages of the basilican and the centralised plan 12

9... Continue reading book >>




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