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Helps to Latin Translation at Sight   By:

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[Transcriber's Note:

This text is intended for users whose text readers cannot use the "real" (Unicode/UTF 8) version of the file.

Greek usually in word derivations has been transliterated and shown between marks. Vowels with macron ("long" mark) have a circumflex accent instead. Vowels with breve ("short" mark, not common) have been unpacked and shown in brackets, as is long "y":

ÂÊÎÔÛ âêîôû [ y] [)A] [)E] ... [)a] [)e] [)i] [) i] ["anceps" vowel, either long or short]

The "root" and "therefore" (three dots) symbols are shown as [Rt] and [therefore]. Reversed "C" is [C] (in the numeral CI[C] = M).

Except for [Linenotes], [Footnotes] and the symbols noted above, all single brackets [ ] are in the original. Double brackets [[ ]] and braces { } were added by the transcriber.

In some passages, individual letters or syllables within a word were printed in boldface. These are shown with braces as f{a}cio. Elsewhere, boldface is shown with marks. Other aspects of formatting, including line numbers, are detailed at the end of the e text.]

HELPS TO

LATIN TRANSLATION AT SIGHT

by the REV. EDMUND LUCE

With an Introductory Note by the REV. THE HON. E. LYTTELTON, M.A. Headmaster of Eton

'Tu regere imperio populos, Romane, memento; Hae tibi'erunt artes; pacisque imponere morem. Parcere subiectis, et debellare superbos.'

VERGIL, Aeneid , vi. 851 3

'Fecisti patriam diversis gentibus unam, Profuit iniustis te dominante capi. Dumque offers victis proprii consortia iuris, Urbem fecisti quod prius orbis erat.'

RUTILIUS, i. 63 6

ETON COLLEGE SPOTTISWOODE & CO., LIMITED 1908

All rights reserved

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

Whatever controversies may be astir as to the precise objects of a classical training, it will hardly be disputed that if that teaching has been successful the pupils will sooner or later be able to make out an ordinary passage of 'unseen' Latin or Greek. It is a test to which the purely linguistic teacher must obviously defer: while the master, who aims at imparting knowledge of the subject matter must acknowledge, if his boys flounder helplessly in unprepared extracts, that they could have learnt about ancient life better through translations.

In, addition to the value of unseen translation, as a test of teaching it constitutes an admirable thinking exercise. But so numerous are the various books of extracts already published that I should have seen nothing to be gained from the appearance of a new one like the present volume were it not, as far as I know, different in two important respects from others. It contains six Demonstrations of how sentences are to be attacked: and further, the passages are chosen so that if a boy works through the book he can hardly fail to gain some outline knowledge of Roman Republican history.

As to the Demonstrations, their value will be evident if it is realised that failure in this sort of translation means failure to analyse: to split up, separate, distinguish the component parts of an apparently jumbled but really ordered sentence. A beginner must learn to trust the solvent with which we supply him; and the way to induce him to trust it is to show it to him at work. That is what a Demonstration will do if only the learner will give it a fair chance.

In regard to the historical teaching contained in the extracts, there can be little doubt that the present tendency of classical teaching is towards emphasising the subject matter as well as the language. It is felt that as training in political principles the reading of Greek and Roman authors offers unique advantages, such as many English boys can appreciate, who are deaf to the literary appeal. The choice therefore of historical extracts in chronological order is an attempt to recognise both the two great aims of classical teaching at once... Continue reading book >>




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